The Peruvian-Chilean Coastal Upwelling System

  • Jochen KämpfEmail author
  • Piers Chapman


This chapter describes the Peruvian-Chilean coastal upwelling system which is by far the most productive system in terms of pelagic fish among the Big Four coastal upwelling systems—a feature that is known as the Peruvian Puzzle. Also discussed are fluctuations of fish and bird abundance in the context of the El Niño Southern Oscillation, overfishing and influences of nutrient limitation and interactions with the oxygen minimum zone.


Upwelling Oceanography Humboldt current Peruvian puzzle El Niño southern oscillation Marine biogeochemistry Marine ecology Ecological regime shifts Fisheries Fish stock variations Climate-change impacts 


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Flinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Texas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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