FAO: Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Forests and Fisheries—Relevance, Reception and First Experiences in Implementation

  • Michael Windfuhr
Part of the International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy book series (IYSLP, volume 2016)


The “Voluntary Guidelines for Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Forests and Fisheries in the Context of National Food Security” (VGGT) are a new international legal instrument, which was adopted unanimously in 2012 in the United Nations Committee on World Food Security (CFS). The document is a soft law instrument that does not create new legally binding obligations to states or responsibilities for private actors, but applies existing standards for governance, particularly including human rights standards, to the management of land. The following article describes in the first part the new instruments and its relevance to all actors involved in land governance issues. In the second part the article describes which implementation activities and follow-up actions have been taken by the different stakeholders since its adoption in 2012.


Business Enterprise Private Actor Civil Society Organisation Land Policy Responsible Governance 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.German Institute for Human RightsBerlinGermany

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