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Community Participation in Agroforestry Development: Lessons Learned from a Collaborative Research Project

  • Tapan Kumar NathEmail author
  • Mohammed Jashimuddin
  • Makoto Inoue
Chapter
Part of the World Forests book series (WFSE, volume 22)

Abstract

Community participation is now considered as an important element of any development programs. For development, adoption, and promotion of any agricultural technology, effective community participation is essential. In this chapter, we discuss the process and level of community participation in agroforestry development , state of agroforestry, and participant’s opinion on sustainability of agroforestry. We also discuss the challenges and opportunities of agroforestry development. By using several tools of participatory rural appraisal , relevant field data were collected from a collaborative agroforestry research project being implemented in Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHTs), Bangladesh, by scholars of University of Chittagong . In order to ensure spontaneous local participation , project authority has first attempted to create trust in participants through continuous interactions, repeated explanation of project support and benefits, and holding several meetings in the presence of all villagers, local NGO and agricultural officers, school teachers, and village leaders. Villagers selected 31 project participants from three villages considering their willingness to join, allocating one acre of shifting cultivation land, and cooperating with project authority. Considering participant’s preference and experts’ opinion, crop combination was selected and an agri-horti-silvicultural type of agroforestry system was developed. Even though participants used to grow agricultural crops along hill slope every alternate year, now they cultivate every year across the hill slope. A benefit–cost ratio for agricultural crops was estimated at 3:1. Planted seedlings are growing well, and average survival rate is more than 70 %. More than 80 % participants are interested to continue agroforestry even after project funding ends, and 54 % of them desire to expand agroforestry in other areas. Even though they have been rigorously motivated, some participants did not work according to project authority’s recommendations. For future development and promotion of agroforestry by involving ethnic communities in CHT, it is suggested to work closely in small areas in collaboration with local partners.

Keywords

Biomass Income Cassava Smit 1835 Family 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tapan Kumar Nath
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammed Jashimuddin
    • 2
  • Makoto Inoue
    • 3
  1. 1.School of BiosciencesUniversity of Nottingham Malaysia CampusSemenyihMalaysia
  2. 2.Institute of Forestry and Environmental SciencesUniversity of ChittagongChittagongBangladesh
  3. 3.Graduate School of Agricultural and Life SciencesThe University of TokyoBunkyo-kuJapan

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