The CBFM in Bangladesh: A Historical Background

  • Tapan Kumar NathEmail author
  • Mohammed Jashimuddin
  • Makoto Inoue
Part of the World Forests book series (WFSE, volume 22)


This chapter describes the evolution of CBFM in Bangladesh. Although Bangladesh forest has a history of more than 100 years of scientific forest management, CBFM is a recent intervention. In Bangladesh, this approach has been evolved from a policy emphasis over commercial production toward a more people-centric model designed to support the conservation of forest resources. First introduced in the late 1970s, community forestry, a form of CBFM, has proven a successful model for reforestation, afforestation, and diversifying economic opportunities in rural communities. The 1994 Forest Policy, the Forest (Amendment) Act of 2000, and the 2004 Social Forestry Rules are considered milestone achievements for the implementation of CBFM in Bangladesh. The CBFM has succeeded in reducing distrust and conflict between forestry officials and local people, encroachment on forest lands, and the deforestation rate. But, program implementation has faced roadblocks that stem from a top-down bureaucratic approach and poor governance system.


Forest Management Forest Resource Forest Department Forest Policy Community Forestry 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tapan Kumar Nath
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammed Jashimuddin
    • 2
  • Makoto Inoue
    • 3
  1. 1.School of BiosciencesUniversity of Nottingham Malaysia CampusSemenyihMalaysia
  2. 2.Institute of Forestry and Environmental SciencesUniversity of ChittagongChittagongBangladesh
  3. 3.Graduate School of Agricultural and Life SciencesThe University of TokyoBunkyo-kuJapan

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