Exploring the Types of Messages that Pie Charts Convey in Popular Media

  • Richard BurnsEmail author
  • Eric Balawejder
  • Wiktoria Domanowska
  • Stephanie Elzer Schwartz
  • Sandra Carberry
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9781)


In popular media, information graphics (pie charts, bar charts, line graphs) are frequently used to convey high-level intended messages. This paper focuses on the pie chart graphic type. We have collected a corpus of pie chart information graphics found in popular media, and for each chart, a team of annotators recognized its intended message. In this paper, we report on the types of intended messages that the team of annotators recognized and their inter-annotator agreement. We also briefly survey some of the communicative signals that graphic designers used which helped the annotators recognize these messages.


Line Graph Communicative Signal Information Graphic Graphic Designer Popular Medium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Burns
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eric Balawejder
    • 1
  • Wiktoria Domanowska
    • 1
  • Stephanie Elzer Schwartz
    • 2
  • Sandra Carberry
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceWest Chester UniversityWest ChesterUSA
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceMillersville UniversityMillservilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of DelawareNewarkUSA

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