Potential Herbal Anxiolytics

  • Erica McIntyre
  • David A. Camfield
  • Jerome Sarris


The following substances also have a long traditional history of use, however not necessarily in the treatment of anxiety. These herbs have been included as they have demonstrated some clinical evidence and may be considered as potential treatments for anxiety. It is recommended that future studies further investigate these substances in order to determine their efficacy in the treatment of anxiety.
  • Milk thistle (Silybum marianum)

  • Iranian borage (Echium amoenum)

  • Bitter orange (Citrus aurantium)

  • Echinacea (Echinacea spp.)


Elevated Plus Maze Anxiolytic Effect Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid Compulsive Symptom Milk Thistle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erica McIntyre
    • 1
    • 2
  • David A. Camfield
    • 3
    • 4
  • Jerome Sarris
    • 5
    • 4
  1. 1.School of PsychologyCharles Sturt UniversityBathurstAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of HealthAustralian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), University of TechnologyUltimoAustralia
  3. 3.School of PsychologyUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia
  4. 4.Centre for Human PsychopharmacologySwinburne University of TechnologyHawthornAustralia
  5. 5.University of Melbourne, Department of PsychiatryThe Melbourne Clinic, The Professorial Unit, ARCADIA Mental Health Research GroupRichmond, MelbourneAustralia

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