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Geography of Tourism in Romania

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Abstract

The “Carpathic-Danubian-Pontic” geography of Romania is completed and defined by the personality of the Carpathian Mountains, the Danube Delta and Valley and the Black Sea, all these units in a nearly symmetrical combination with the hills and plains, determined by the steplike arrangement of the relief. A situation marked by originality and specificity is the tourist system formed of the Black Sea and the Danube Delta. On the backdrop of an exceptional natural environment human resources consisting of archaeological sites, historical buildings, architectural and art establishments, museums and memorial houses, testimonies of civilization and popular culture through elements of ethnography, the villages and tourist resorts boost the tourist valences of these areas facilitating the outline and development of a wide range of forms of tourism: leisure and health, hunting, rural, cultural, scientific, mountain etc. The tourist infrastructures are elements which support the tourist phenomena in reception areas and include hotels and motels, tourist villas and bungalows, touristic and agro-touristic boarding houses, ships and accommodation space. To these are added roads, railways, airports and waterways to connect important touristic regions and the main types of tourism: rural, mountain, leisure, health, cruise of the Danube, hunting and fishing, etc. The tourist regionalization of the Romanian territory, using as landmarks the value of the tourist potential and tourism infrastructure, outlined 32 regions which involve the capitalization and promotion of the natural and human heritage as an essential resource for tourism development in Romania.

Keywords

Rural Tourism Carpathian Mountain Tourist Resource Danube Delta Foreign Tourist 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography, Tourism and Territorial PlanningUniversity of OradeaOradeaRomania
  2. 2.Faculty of GeographyBabes-Bolyai University of Cluj-NapocaSighetu-MarmaţieiRomania

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