Videourodynamic in Children

  • Valerio Iacovelli
  • Giuseppe Farullo
  • Andrea Turbanti
  • Enrico Finazzi AgròEmail author
Part of the Urodynamics, Neurourology and Pelvic Floor Dysfunctions book series (UNPFD)


Urodynamic studies (UDS) have become a major tool in evaluating lower urinary tract dysfunction in children with neurogenic or non-neurogenic bladder. Lower urinary tract dysfunctions (LUTD) in children frequently occur in combination with other disorders of the lower part of the body. By definition of the International Children’s Continence Society (ICCS) standardization paper on LUTD in children [1], any item that gives information on the function of the urinary tract and the bowel is part of UDS.


  1. 1.
    Austin PF, Bauer SB, Bower W, et al. The standardization of terminology of lower urinary tract function in children and adolescents: update report from the standardization Committee of the International Children’s continence society. J Urol. 2014;191(6):1863.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Groen J, Pannek J, Castro Diaz D, Del Popolo G, Gross T, Hamid R, Karsenty G, Kessler TM, Schneider M, ‘t Hoen L, Blok B. Summary of European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines on Neuro-urology. Eur Urol. 2016;69(2):324–33.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Winters JC, Dmochowski RR, Goldman HB, Herndon CD, Kobashi KC, Kraus SR, Lemack GE, Nitti VW, Rovner ES, Wein AJ, American Urological Association, Society of Urodynamics, Female Pelvic Medicine & Urogenital Reconstruction. Urodynamic studies in adults: AUA/SUFU guideline. J Urol. 2012;188(6 Suppl):2464–72.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Marks BK, Goldman HB. Videourodynamics: indications and technique. Urol Clin North Am. 2014;41(3):383–91, vii–viii.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    van Gool JD, de Jong TP, Winkler-Seinstra P, Tamminen-Möbius T, Lax H, Hirche H, Nijman RJ, Hjälmås K, Jodal U, Bachmann H, Hoebeke P, Walle JV, Misselwitz J, John U, Bael A, European Bladder Dysfunction Study (EU BMH1-CT94-1006). Multi-center randomized controlled trial of cognitive treatment, placebo, oxybutynin, bladder training, and pelvic floor training in children with functional urinary incontinence. Neurourol Urodyn. 2014;33:482.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Van Gool JD, Hjalmas K, Tamminen-Mobius T, et al. Historical clues to the complex of dysfunctional voiding, urinary tract infection and vesicoureteral reflux—the international reflux study in children. J Urol. 1992;148:1699–702.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bower WF, Wong EMC, Yeung CK. Developlment of a validated quality of life tool specific to children with bladder dysfunction. Neurourol Urodyn. 2006;25:221–7.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bauer SB, Nijman RJ, Drzewiecki BA, Sillen U. Hoebeke P; international Children’s continence society standardization subcommittee. International Children’s continence society standardization report on urodynamic studies of the lower urinary tract in children. Neurourol Urodyn. 2015;34(7):640–7.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Borghesi G, Simonetti R, Goldman SM, Szejnfeld J, Srougi M, Ortiz V, Bruschini H. Magnetic resonance imaging urodynamics. Technique development and preliminary results. Int Braz J Urol. 2006;32(3):336–41; discussion 341.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ozawa H, Igarashi T, Uematsu K, Watanabe T, Kumon H. The future of urodynamics: non-invasive ultrasound videourodynamics. Int J Urol. 2010;17(3):241–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Neveus T, von Gontard A, Hoebeke P, Hjalmas K, Bauer S, Bower W, et al. The standardization of terminology of lower urinary tract function in children and adolescents: report from the standardisation Committee of the International Children’s continence society. J Urol. 2006;176:314e24.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chin-Peuckert L, Komlos M, Rennick JE, et al. What is the variability between 2 consecutive cystometries in the same child? J Urol. 2003;170:1614–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Reynard JM, Lim C, Swami S, et al. The obstructive effect of a urethral catheter. J Urol. 1996;155(3):901.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Spinoit AF, Decalf V, Ragolle I, Ploumidis A, Claeys T, Groen LA, Van Laecke E, Hoebeke P. Urodynamic studies in children: standardized transurethral video-urodynamic evaluation. J Pediatr Urol. 2016;12(1):67–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Anding R, Smith P, de Jong T, Constantinou C, Cardozo L, Rosier P. When should video and EMG be added to urodynamics in children with lower urinary tract dysfunction and is this justified by the evidence? ICI-RS 2014. Neurourol Urodyn. 2016;35(2):331–5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hoebeke P, Bower W, Combs A, et al. Diagnostic evaluation of children with daytime incontinence. J Urol. 2010;183:699–703.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hoebeke P, Van Laecke E, Van Camp C, et al. One thousand video-urodynamic studies in children with non-neurogenic bladder sphincter dysfunction. BJU Int. 2001;87:575–80.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Glazier DB, Murphy DP, Fleisher MH, et al. Evaluation of the utility of videourodynamics in children with urinary tract infection and voiding dysfunction. Br J Urol. 1997;80:806–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Coulthard MG, Lambert HJ, Vernon SJ, et al. Guidelines to identify abnormalities after childhood urinary tract infections: a prospective audit. Arch Dis Child. 2014;99:448–51.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tekgul S, Dogan HS Hoebeke P, et al. EAU guidelines on Pediatric Urology 2016: European Society for Paediatric Urology and European association of urology.
  21. 21.
    McGuire EJ, Woodside JR, Borden TA, et al. Prognostic value of urodynamic testing in myelodysplastic patients. J Urol. 1981;126:205–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dik P, Klijn AJ, van Gool JD, et al. Early start to therapy preserves kidney function in spina bifida patients. Eur Urol. 2006;49:908–13.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Marks BK, Goldman HB. Videourodynamics: indications and technique. Urol Clin North Am. 2014;41:383–91.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valerio Iacovelli
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Farullo
    • 1
  • Andrea Turbanti
    • 1
  • Enrico Finazzi Agrò
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, Urology DivisionTor Vergata University of RomeRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations