From Bicycle to Bites: Indoor vs. Outdoor User Testing Methodologies of Georeferenced Mobile Apps

  • Letizia BolliniEmail author
  • Giulia Cicchinè
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9788)


The paper is aimed to explore and discuss the way we evaluate, asses and test with users mobile applications—which main interaction modality is GPS and geo-referenced data—both in-lab and en plein air. The research intends to asses user experience evaluating methodologies to have better insight to understand how to design and plan spatial interactions among people, mobile devices, the physical environment and the digital space of geo-located information. The study adopts user test task-based methodologies coming from the user-centered design qualitative methods comparing infield research and usability lab conditions. The paper proposes experimental evidences coming from the indoor experiences—where geo-localization is simulated, but other research parameters are in control—with outdoor situation—where geo-localization is the real driver of interactions, but many variables interferes with some parameters and measurement observation—to understand experimental variables and bias to prevent them in the design process, using the field of cycling as a case study.


Space-based interaction design Geo-based experience design Outdoor user experience testing Infield usability test Contextual usability test 



Although the paper is a result of the joint work of all authors, Letizia Bollini is in particular author of parts 1, 2 and 5 and Giulia Cicchinè is author parts 3 and 4.

We acknowledge Professor Natale Stucchi, University of Milano-Bicocca for is precious advice and supervision on data analysis of experimental results.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Milano-BicoccaMilanItaly

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