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Defensive Bee and Wasp Mimicry by Orchid Flowers

  • Simcha Lev-Yadun
Chapter

Abstract

A variety of arthropods (e.g., flies, spiders, butterflies) are known to mimic bees or wasps as defense from predators (Cott 1940; Wickler 1968; Edmunds 1974; Plowright and Owen 1980; Rothschild 1984; Howarth and Edmunds 2000; Bain et al. 2007; Chittka and Osorio 2007; Penney et al. 2012) (Fig. 61.1). Bees and wasps may be aggressive and sting, and by this deter many animals including herbivores (Breed et al. 2004).

Keywords

Perceptual Bias Pollinator Attraction Orchid Genus Chemical Mimicry Orchid Flower 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simcha Lev-Yadun
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology & Environment, Faculty of Natural SciencesUniversity of Haifa – OranimTivonIsrael

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