Hydroclimatic Projections for the Upper Vistula Basin
In this study, we apply a previously calibrated SWAT model of the Vistula and Odra basins in order to assess hydrological impacts of climate change in the Upper Vistula Basin. Raw projections from an ensemble of nine EUR-11 CORDEX climate model runs (precipitation and minimum and maximum temperatures) assuming an intermediate greenhouse gas emission scenario of 4.5 W/m2 were adjusted using a quantile-mapping correction approach. We analysed changes between two future horizons 2024–2050 (near future) and 2074–2100 (far future) and a reference period (1974–2000). We found that, for the near future, all climate models agree well about ubiquitous warming on both seasonal and annual scales, while eight models agree about an increase in projected mean annual precipitation and total runoff. For the far future, an increase in temperature, in mean annual precipitation, as well as in the total runoff, is projected using all climate models. Results also highlighted a higher temperature increase in winter than in other seasons and a higher increase in minimum temperature than in maximum temperature. The highest runoff increase is projected in winter, consistently, by all climate models. In addition, we assessed projected changes in high streamflow indicator based on the 90th monthly flow percentile (Q90). Based on the median of climate model simulations, we found that the mean basin-wide increase in monthly Q90 is 6.4 and 15 % for the near future and the far future, respectively. Nevertheless, the range of projected changes in precipitation, runoff and high flows calculated across the whole ensemble remains relatively high and spatial patterns are not fully consistent across different climate models.
KeywordsClimate change Temperature Precipitation River discharge Projections Upper Vistula Basin Poland
All authors acknowledge support of the CHASE-PL (Climate change impact assessment for selected sectors in Poland) project of the Polish–Norwegian Research Programme in the frame of Project Contract No. Pol-Nor/200799/90/2014. The first author is grateful for support to the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and to the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland. Additionally, ZWK acknowledges support of the FLORIST (Flood risk on the northern foothills of the Tatra Mountains) project, supported by a grant from the Swiss Government through the Swiss Contribution to the enlarged European Union (PSPB No. 153/2010).
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