Effects of Macro-ergonomic Compatibility of Work Demands on Manufacturing Systems’ Organizational Performance

  • Arturo Realyvásquez
  • Aidé-Aracely Maldonado-Macías
  • Jorge-Luis García-Alcaraz
  • Karla-Gabriela Gómez-Bull
  • Julio Blanco-Fernández
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 490)


High work demands (WDs) usually have negative effects on employees such as exhaustion and absenteeism, whereas moderate WDs have positive effects that include work enjoyment and creativity. However, effects of WDs on clients, production processes and organizational performance are scarcely studied. This paper analyzes the effects of macro-ergonomic compatibility of work demands of employees (MCWDs), as independent variable on manufacturing system with respect to production processes, clients, and organizational performance as dependent variables. As methods, a macro-ergonomic compatibility questionnaire (MCQ) is developed and statistically validated, and a Structural Equations Model (SEM) is created to find the effects of MCWDs on the dependent variables, and also the effects among them. Results indicate that MCWDs do not have a direct effect on organizational performance, but on production processes and clients; and significant indirect effect on organizational performance. As conclusion, MCWDs represents a source of clients’ satisfaction, production processes’ reliability, and organizational performance.


Macro-ergonomic Compatibility Macro-ergonomic compatibility questionnaire Work demands Manufacturing systems Organizational performance 



Authors wish to acknowledge the reviewers who helped improve this paper, as wells as the employees of the participating manufacturing systems. Additionally, authors wish to the La Rioja University and the Autonomous University of Ciudad Juarez for their valuable contribution to this research, as well as the National Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arturo Realyvásquez
    • 1
  • Aidé-Aracely Maldonado-Macías
    • 1
  • Jorge-Luis García-Alcaraz
    • 1
  • Karla-Gabriela Gómez-Bull
    • 1
  • Julio Blanco-Fernández
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Industrial and Manufacturing EngineeringAutonomous University of Ciudad JuarezCiudad JuarezMexico
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of La RiojaLogroñoSpain

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