Prerequisites and Conditions for Socially Sustainable Manufacturing in Europe’s Future Factories—Results Overview from the SO SMART Project

  • Cecilia Berlin
  • Ilaria Barletta
  • Paola Fantini
  • Konstantinos Georgoulias
  • Christoph Hansich
  • Minna Lanz
  • Jyrki Latokartano
  • Marta Pinzone
  • Gregor Schönborn
  • Johan Stahre
  • Marco Taisch
  • Reijo Tuokko
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 490)


This paper provides an overview of the EU project SO SMART (Socially Sustainable Manufacturing for the Factories of the Future), a coordinated support action (CSA) project. SO SMART examined the conditions in Europe for creating socially sustainable workplaces in the manufacturing sector, where factories flourish along with their social environment. The project was international (with partners from five countries), multidisciplinary and participatory, involving participation of several science domain experts and a wider community of academic and industry beneficiaries who participated in panels, workshops, conference events and an online forum created specifically for the project.


Social sustainability Manufacturing Production industry Societal challenges Well-being Demographics 



This paper has been developed through the research project SO SMART, funded by the European Commission within FP7 (Grant no. NMP2-SA-2013-608734). This support is gratefully acknowledged.


  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Siemieniuch, C.E., Sinclair, M.A.: Global drivers, sustainable manufacturing and systems ergonomics. Appl. Ergon. 51, 104–119 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hendrick, H.W.: Ergonomics in organizational design and management. Ergonomics 34, 743–756 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    ETUI: Benchmarking Working Europe 2016. ETUI aisbl, Brussels (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hermann, M., Pentek, T., Otto, B.: Design principles for Industrie 4.0 scenarios: a literature review. Technische Universität Dortmund, Dortmund (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rübmann, M., Lorenz, M., Gerbert, P., Waldner, M., Justus, J., Engel, P., Harnisch, M.: Industry 4.0—the future of productivity and growth in manufacturing industries. Boston Consulting Group (2015)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Westkämper, E.: Towards the Re-industrialization of Europe: A Concept for Manufacturing for 2030. Springer Science & Business Media (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Da Xu, L., He, W., Li, S.: Internet of things in industries: a survey. IEEE Trans. Ind. Inform. 10, 2233–2243 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhang, L., Luo, Y., Tao, F., Li, B.H., Ren, L., Zhang, X., Guo, H., Cheng, Y., Hu, A., Liu, Y.: Cloud manufacturing: a new manufacturing paradigm. Enterp. Inform. Syst. 8, 167–187 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dobbs, R., Madgavkar, A., Barton, D., Labaye, E., Manyika, J., Roxburgh, C., Lund, S., Madhav, S.: The World at Work: Jobs, Pay, and Skills for 3.5 Billion People. McKinsey Global Institute Greater Los Angeles (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Baines, T.S., Lightfoot, H.W., Evans, S., Neely, A., Greenough, R., Peppard, J., Roy, R., Shehab, E., Braganza, A., Tiwari, A.: State-of-the-art in product-service systems. Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part B J. Eng. Manuf. 221, 1543–1552 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fantini, P., Opresnik, D., Pinzone, M., Taisch, M.: The interplay between product-services and social sustainability: exploring the value along the lifecycle. In: Advances in Production Management Systems: Innovative Production Management Towards Sustainable Growth, pp. 567–574. Springer, Berlin (2015)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    van der Wiele, T., Kok, P., McKenna, R., Brown, A.: A corporate social responsibility audit within a quality management framework. J. Bus. Ethics 31, 285–297 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Vallance, S., Perkins, H.C., Dixon, J.E.: What is social sustainability? A clarification of concepts. Geoforum 42, 342–348 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Spangenberg, J.H., Omann, I.: Assessing social sustainability: social sustainability and its multicriteria assessment in a sustainability scenario for Germany. Int. J. Innov. Sustain. Dev. 1, 318–348 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
    Fantini, P., Pinzone, M., Taisch, M.: In: Preliminary Findings from the Socially Sustainable Manufacturing Ecosystems Workshop, 24 Jul 2014Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Berlin, C., Barletta, I.: In: Preliminary Findings from the 2nd Socially Sustainable Manufacturing Ecosystems Workshop, Göteborg, Sweden, 16 Sep 2014Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lanz, M., Latokartano, J., Pinzone, M., Barletta, I., Hanisch, C.: In: Preliminary Findings from the 3rd Socially Sustainable Manufacturing Ecosystems Workshop Tampere, Finland, 2 Dec 2014Google Scholar
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
    Adams, C., Berlin, C., Fantini, P., Stahre, J.: Mapping the current social sustainability practices of the European manufacturing industry. In: Swedish Production Symposium 2014, SPS14 (2014)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Fantini, P., Pinzone, M., Butti, M., Taisch, M.: Preliminary findings from the SO-SMART explorative study on current practices (2014)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Fantini, P., Palasciano, C., Taisch, M., Berlin, C., Adams, C., Stahre, J.: Socially sustainable manufacturing: exploring the European landscape. In: Advances in Production Management Systems. Innovative and Knowledge-Based Production Management in a Global-Local World, pp. 474–481. Springer, Berlin (2014)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Fantini, P., Taisch, M., Palasciano, C.: Social sustainability: perspectives on the role of manufacturing. In: Advances in Production Management Systems. Sustainable Production and Service Supply Chains, pp. 62–69. Springer, Berlin (2013)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lanz, M., Järvenpää, E., Nylund, H., Tuokko, R., Torvinen, S., Georgoulias, K.: Sustainability and performance indicators landscape. In: 24th International Conference on Flexible Automation & Intelligent ManufacturingGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    FAIM 2014. DEStech Publications, Inc., San Antonio, Texas (2014)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Schönborn, G.: Value performance. Zeitschrift für Psychologie/J. Psychol. (2015)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Berlin, C., Dedering, C., Jónsdóttir, G.R., Stahre, J.: Social sustainability challenges for European manufacturing industry: attract, recruit and sustain. In: Advances in Production Management Systems. Sustainable Production and Service Supply Chains, pp. 78–85. Springer, Berlin (2013)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Quist, J., Vergragt, P.: Past and future of backcasting: the shift to stakeholder participation and a proposal for a methodological framework. Futures 38, 1027–1045 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    EFFRA: Factories of the future multi-annual roadmap for the contractual PPP under horizon 2020 (2013) Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cecilia Berlin
    • 1
  • Ilaria Barletta
    • 1
  • Paola Fantini
    • 2
  • Konstantinos Georgoulias
    • 3
  • Christoph Hansich
    • 4
  • Minna Lanz
    • 5
  • Jyrki Latokartano
    • 5
  • Marta Pinzone
    • 2
  • Gregor Schönborn
    • 6
  • Johan Stahre
    • 1
  • Marco Taisch
    • 2
  • Reijo Tuokko
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Product and Production Development, Division of Production SystemsChalmers University of TechnologyGoteborgSweden
  2. 2.Fondazione Politecnico di MilanoMilanItaly
  3. 3.Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems and AutomationUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece
  4. 4.FESTOEsslingen am NeckarGermany
  5. 5.Tampere University of TechnologyTampereFinland
  6. 6.Deep WhiteBonnGermany

Personalised recommendations