Agribusiness and Food Security
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Increased food production worldwide is both necessary and desirable, but the way this is achieved can have deleterious effects on disaster risks, especially insofar as the methods used modify eco-systems. Under many present practices, modifying these systems to increase food and fibre production has decreased their regulatory functions, including those that reduce people’s exposure to hazards such as fires and floods. Examples include increased landslide hazard on or near deforested hillsides and more frequent storm surges in areas where mangroves have been destroyed. These changes in ecosystem services quite often benefit specific economic interests, which share few or none of these benefits with the poor rural and urban households that often bear the environmental and economic costs.