A New Elderly Clothing Design Reduces Nurse Aides’ Occupational Injury in Nursing Homes

  • Wen-Yu YangEmail author
  • Fong-Gong Wu
  • Adam Book
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 482)


Nurse aids assist the elderly to dress for a long time, they always get work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) owing to inappropriate application of force. The purpose of this study is to design a new elderly clothing to reduce the cumulative damage of nurse aids from assisting the elderly dressing effectively. We designed two new elderly clothes with two different methods, one is Morphological Analysis (design A) and the other is Co-design (design B). Design A uses Velcro to join fabric to reduce the time nurse aids spend on finding cords. Design B is a one-piece cloth which wear from front in order to reduce unnecessary rotate of joint. Results showed that design B spend the least time. The shortage of design A is it will take time to separate Velcro when they stick together. Design B should care more about elderly’s perception, sense of security and exposure, especially for the heavy elderly.


Occupant injury Elderly clothing Ergonomics design Nursing home Dressing 


  1. 1.
    Haub, C.: (2014) World population data sheet (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pelissier, C., Fontana, L., Emmanuel, F., Agard, J.P., Couprie, F., Delaygue, B., Glerant, V., Perrier, C., Sellier, B., Vohito, M.: Occupational risk factors for upper-limb and neck musculoskeletal disorder among health-care staff in nursing homes for the elderly in France. Ind. Health 52, 334 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gerrard, P.: The hierarchy of the activities of daily living in the Katz index in residents of skilled nursing facilities. J. Geriatr. Phys. Ther. 36, 87–91 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
    Cohen-Mansfield, J., Creedon, M.A., Malone, T., Parpura-Gill, A., Dakheel-Ali, M., Heasly, C.: Dressing of cognitively impaired nursing home residents: description and analysis. Gerontologist 46, 89–96 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mann, W.C., Kimble, C., Justiss, M.D., Casson, E., Tomita, M., Wu, S.S.: Problems with dressing in the frail elderly. Am. J. Occup. Ther. 59, 398–408 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Edvardsson, D.: Balancing between being a person and being a patient—A qualitative study of wearing patient clothing. Int. J. Nurs. Stud. 46, 4–11 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rosenblad-Wallin, E., Karlsson, M.: Clothing for the elderly at home and in nursing homes. J. Consum. Stud. Home Econ. 10, 343–356 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Simpson, M.M., Littrell, M.A.: Attitudes toward clothing of elderly men. J. Appl. Gerontol. 3, 171–180 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Owen, B.D., Keene, K., Olson, S.: An ergonomic approach to reducing back/shoulder stress in hospital nursing personnel: a five year follow up. Int. J. Nurs. Stud. 39, 295–302 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Squillace, M.R., Remsburg, R.E., Bercovitz, A., Rosenoff, E., Branden, L.: An introduction to the national nursing assistant survey. Vital and health statistics. Ser. 1, Programs and collection procedures 1–54 (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ritchey, T.: Problem structuring using computer-aided morphological analysis. J. Oper. Res. Soc. 57, 792–801 (2006)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan

Personalised recommendations