Demographics, Military Status, and Physical Health as Indicators of Personal Resilience Among U.S. Active Duty Service Members and Veterans

  • Valerie J. RiceEmail author
  • Baoxia Liu
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 482)


Personal resilience refers to the ability to constructively adjust and move forward with ones’ life following tragic events or situations. However, few studies have examined the characteristics of highly resilient active duty military or veterans. This study examined the relationships between personal resiliency scores (The Resiliency Scale), demographics, general Self-Reported Health (SRH), and health symptomatology (Patient Health Questionnaire-15) among 263 U.S. active duty and veteran service members. Pearson Product-Moment Correlations, an Analysis of Variance, and Regression Analysis were used with a significance level of 0.05. Results showed that active duty service members were more resilient than the veterans in this population (p < 0.05). Findings also demonstrated that a higher education level, longer time on active duty, higher SRH, and lower symptomology were correlated with (p < 0.05) and contributed to greater resilience [F(4, 258) = 26.18, p < 0.01), R2 = 0.54]. These results demonstrate the importance of health and education, perhaps pointing toward a protective qualities that may also include longer service time.


Resilience Military Health Symptomology Time-in-service Education 



This research was supported in part by the Army Study Program Management Office (ASPMO). Our appreciation is offered to our colleagues Gary L. Boykin Sr., Angela D. Jeter and Rebekah L. Tree. Special thanks to those who participated in this study. Our appreciation is extended to all U.S. service members and veterans.


The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Army Research Laboratory HRED AMEDD Field ElementSan AntonioUSA
  2. 2.DCS CorporationAlexandriaUSA

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