Application of the Delphi Method in the Development of a Triage Method for Vulnerable People in Disaster

  • Taro KannoEmail author
  • Chie Ishida
  • Yuko Kubo
  • Masako Saito
  • Mariko Ohara
  • Kayoko Kawahara
  • Takuya Yamamto
  • Kazuo Furuta
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 482)


This paper introduces a new triage simulation method for use in the design phase of disaster triage method for vulnerable people. The proposed method is an online scenario-based triage simulation incorporates the Delphi method. The method was assessed to determine its effectiveness for obtaining knowledge to improve the design of a new triage method. The result showed that the method is effective for identifying the appropriate triage, consideration points, and the cases for which the appropriate triage is difficult to determine.


Evacuation shelter Triage Vulnerable people Delphi method 



This work was partly supported by MEXT KAKENHI Grant Number 26293455.


  1. 1.
    Ohara, M., Kanno, T., Ishida, C., Kubo, Y., Saito, M., Kawahara, K.: Response to persons requiring special support during the great east Japan earthquake and tsunami, 2012. In: World Society of Disaster Nursing Research Conference, pp. 123 (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kawahara, K., Ohara, M., Ishida, C., Saito, M., Kubo, Y., Kanno, T.: Development of a triage system for vulnerable people in evacuation shelters: evaluation of teaching materials. Japan. J. Disaster Med. 20(2), 284–290 (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kanno, T., Ishida, C., Saito, M., Kubo, Y., Kawahara, K., Ohara, M.: Development of a triage system for vulnerable people in evacuation shelters: analysis and evaluation of participatory simulations employing a new triage evaluation method. Japan. J. Disaster Med. 20(1), 1–9 (2015) (in Japanese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Newport Beach Fire Department. Accessed 3 Oct 2016
  5. 5.
    Norman, D., Olaf, H.: An experimental application of the delphi method to the use of experts. Manage. Sci. 9(3), 458–467 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Taro Kanno
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chie Ishida
    • 2
  • Yuko Kubo
    • 3
  • Masako Saito
    • 4
  • Mariko Ohara
    • 5
  • Kayoko Kawahara
    • 6
  • Takuya Yamamto
    • 1
  • Kazuo Furuta
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Systems Innovation, School of EngineeringThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Tokyo Healthcare UniversityTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Japanese Nursing AssociationTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Tokyo Kasei UniversityTokyoJapan
  5. 5.Japanese Red Cross College of NursingTokyoJapan
  6. 6.Tokyo Metropolitan UniversityTokyoJapan
  7. 7.Resilience Engineering Research Centere, School of EngineeringThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations