Ergonomic Design of Bathrooms for People with Cerebral Palsy in the Philippines
Around 2–3 out of 1000 births in the Philippines are born with Cerebral Palsy that affects the brain leading to complications of one’s motor skills. Partnered with Philippine Cerebral Palsy Incorporated (PCPI), which has a current bathroom layout that failed to meet the standards set by the Philippines, the study proposes an ergonomic bathroom design for Cerebral Palsy patients. Anthropometric and biomechanical data of the patients were integrated to the derivation of the specific measurements of different parts of the bathroom. In addition, qualitative inputs for the design were also gathered. Combining both qualitative and quantitative measures, a bathroom design that conforms to Philippine standards was created. This application of ergonomics in Cerebral Palsy facilities is a step closer in allowing Filipino patients suffering from this condition to attain independence in activities that are part of a person’s daily routine.
KeywordsPhilippines Cerebral palsy Ergonomic Anthropometric Biomechanical Qualitative measures
Without the perpetual assistance, contribution and support of Philippine Cerebral Palsy Incorporated, participation in the 7th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics would not have been possible.
- 1.Homepage—Cerebral Palsy Foundation.: Retrieved 15 Nov 2015, from http://yourcpf.org/ (n.d.)
- 2.Berker, N., Yalcin, S.: The HELP Guide To Cerebral Palsy (2nd ed.). Global-HelpGoogle Scholar
- 3.Hall, D.: Safety Considerations in the Bathroom Environment for Clients with a Disability and their Carers (2001)Google Scholar
- 4.Stevens, J., Haas, E.: Nonfatal Bathroom Injuries Among Persons Aged ≥15 years—United States, 2008. Retrieved 22 Nov 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6022a1.htm (2011)
- 7.Body Segment Data.: Retrieved 29 Nov 2015, from http://www.exrx.net/Kinesiology/Segments.html (n.d.)
- 8.Dawal, S., Ismail, Z., Yusuf, K., Abdul-Rashid, S., Shalahim, N., Abdullah, N., Kamil, N.: Determination of the significant anthropometry dimensions for user-friendly designs of domestic furniture and appliances—experience from a study in Malaysia. Measurement, 205–215. Retrieved 14 Nov 2015, from http://repository.um.edu.my/39957/1/1-s2.0-S0263224114004102-main.pdf (2014)
- 9.Seo, N., Armstrong, T.: Investigation of grip force, normal force, contact area, hand size, and handle size for cylindrical handles. Hum. Factors J. Hum. Factors Ergon. Soc. 734–744. doi: 10.1518/001872008X354192 (2008)
- 10.Oliver, R., Gyi, D., Porter, M., Marshall, R., Case, K.: A survey of the design needs of older and disabled people. Contemp. Ergon. 365–370 (2001)Google Scholar
- 11.Bellera, C., Foster, B., Hanley, J.: Calculating sample size in anthropometry. Handb. Anthropometry Phys. Measures 3–27. Retrieved 15 Nov 2015, from http://www.medicine.mcgill.ca/epidemiology/hanley/reprints/HandbookAnthroBellera.pdf (n.d.)