Infinite-State Liveness-to-Safety via Implicit Abstraction and Well-Founded Relations
- Cite this paper as:
- Daniel J., Cimatti A., Griggio A., Tonetta S., Mover S. (2016) Infinite-State Liveness-to-Safety via Implicit Abstraction and Well-Founded Relations. In: Chaudhuri S., Farzan A. (eds) Computer Aided Verification. CAV 2016. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 9779. Springer, Cham
We present a fully-symbolic LTL model checking approach for infinite-state transition systems. We extend liveness-to-safety, a prominent approach in the finite-state case, by means of implicit abstraction, to effectively prove the absence of abstract fair loops without explicitly constructing the abstract state space. We increase the effectiveness of the approach by integrating termination techniques based on well-founded relations derived from ranking functions. The idea is to prove that any existing abstract fair loop is covered by a given set of well-founded relations. Within this framework, \(k\)-liveness is integrated as a generic ranking function. The algorithm iterates by attempting to remove spurious abstract fair loops: either it finds new predicates, to avoid spurious abstract prefixes, or it introduces new well-founded relations, based on the analysis of the abstract lasso. The implementation fully leverages the efficiency and incrementality of the underlying safety checker IC3ia. The proposed approach outperforms other temporal checkers on a wide class of benchmarks.