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Microscopy Applied In Biomass Characterization

Chapter

Abstract

This chapter serves as an introduction to the major types of microscopy that are applied to the characterization of lignocellulosic biomasses. The covered techniques include optical microscopies (light, Raman, and confocal microscopy), scanning probe microscopy, and electron microscopy. This chapter provides a general description of the principles, advantages and drawbacks, type of information that can be obtained using the different microscopic techniques, and includes a wide range of examples on the use of such techniques to characterize lignocellulosic biomass samples before and after pretreatments. Finally, some of the reviewed microscopic techniques were used to visualize samples of wheat straw nodes before and after acid and alkali pretreatments. This chapter is designed to help scientists select the best microscopic technique to study biomass feedstocks with recalcitrant natures.

Keywords

Alkali pretreatment Atomic force microscopy Dilute acid pretreatment Electron microscopy Optical microscopy 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support was received from the CB CONACYT project (Grant No. CB-2011/168921), the Red Temática del Hidrógeno Subprograma de Producción de Hidrógeno (Grant No. 252003), and the CONACYT project Apoyo al Fortalecimiento y Desarrollo de la Infraestructura Científica y Tecnológica (Grant No. 250738).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unidad Académica Juriquilla, Instituto de IngenieríaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoQuerétaroMexico
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Fitomejoramiento Molecular, Instituto Politécnico NacionalCentro Interdisciplinario de Investigación para el Desarrollo Integral Regional Unidad Sinaloa (CIIDIR-IPN Unidad Sinaloa)GuasaveMexico

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