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Three-dimensional Genomic Organization of Genes’ Function in Eukaryotes

  • Alon Diament
  • Tamir TullerEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

It is well known that in prokaryotes, genes are organized in transcription units called operons. Since each operon includes genes which are related to the same pathway, a relation between genomic proximity and functionality can be easily observed. In eukaryotes, usually there are no operons; however, in the last few decades, there have been growing evidence that the organization of eukaryotic genes is not random: Evolution shapes gene organization in eukaryotes in a way that will improve the organism’s fitness. In this chapter, we will review how previous studies in the field employed sophisticated experiments and analysis tools to decipher the way genes are organized in eukaryotic genomes.

Keywords

Genomic Organization Chromosome Territory CTCF Binding CTCF Binding Site Chromosome Conformation Capture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

AD is grateful to the Azrieli Foundation for the award of an Azrieli Fellowship. This study was supported in part by a fellowship from the Edmond J. Safra Center for Bioinformatics at Tel Aviv University.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomedical EngineeringTel Aviv University (TAU)Tel AvivIsrael
  2. 2.The Sagol School of NeuroscienceTel-Aviv University (TAU)Tel-AvivIsrael

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