The Evolution of Human Skin and the Thousands of Species It Sustains, with Ten Hypothesis of Relevance to Doctors

  • Robert R. DunnEmail author


The entire skin is covered in microscopic life. The composition of this life—which species are present—has great importance for many aspects of dermatology. Little about this composition makes sense, except in light of evolution.


Armpits Bacteria Belly buttons Genitals Wafting 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Ecology and Keck Center for Behavioral BiologyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  2. 2.Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, Natural History Museum of DenmarkUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark

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