Indonesia: An Emerging Nation

  • David Hanan


This chapter outlines the main features of the history of Indonesia, relevant to a study of its cinema, commencing with an account of the society at the time Indonesia achieved independence from Dutch colonialism in 1949. Hanan explores the foundational concepts of the new nation, summarized in the national philosophy of Pancasila first promulgated in 1945 in writings by Sukarno. Hanan also outlines five phases of the nation’s history since independence, including the Sukarno years, the Suharto New Order regime and the recent Reformasi period. Later sections summarize academic research on censorship during the New Order, and forms of state control, including propaganda films. The chapter concludes by critically examining the question—‘Is there a national culture?’ an issue raised by anthropologist Karl Heider.


National Culture Parliamentary Democracy Islamic State Indonesian Archipelago Floating Mass 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Hanan
    • 1
  1. 1.Film and Screen StudiesMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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