“Brothers Will Be Everywhere”: Youth Involvement in Martial Arts as the East Timorese Displaced Persons Struggle for Recognition in Their Community in Naibonat, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
This chapter analyzes the involvement of East Timorese displaced youths in martial arts and mystical groups in Naibonat, Indonesia, as an attempt to gain recognition within limited opportunities available in the ex-refugee community. Utilizing the concept of “tactical bricolage,” the authors argue that martial arts, rather than becoming merely an expression of violence, also can be a cultural statement for the youths to associate themselves with because it is part of the East Timorese community. In addition, it can be a signal in transnational settings of an openness between Indonesia and Timor Leste. This chapter concludes with some recommendations to comprehensively organize a durable solution for these warga baru (new citizens), not only through formal government programs but also by proper local integration platforms between “locals” and East Timorese.
KeywordsSocial Entrepreneur Local Integration Camp Area Indonesian Government Durable Solution
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