Advertisement

Deep Structure of Azerbaijan Derived from Combined Geophysical–Geological Analysis

  • Akif A. AlizadehEmail author
  • Ibrahim S. Guliyev
  • Fakhraddin A. Kadirov
  • Lev V. Eppelbaum
Chapter
Part of the Regional Geology Reviews book series (RGR)

Abstract

The complexity of Azerbaijan’s territory geological structure stems from its location in the Alpine-Himalayan tectonic belt.

Keywords

Gravity Field Moho Discontinuity Magnetic Field Modeling Neutral Layer Consolidate Crust 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abbasov A.B., 2002. Yevlakh-Agjabedi and South Kur troughs paleogeography based on seismostratigraphic studies. Geophysics News in Azerbaijan, Nos. 1-2, 11-15 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. Abdullayev, N.R., Kadirov, F. and Guliyev, I.S., 2015. Subsidence history and basin-fill evolution in the South Caspian Basin from geophysical mapping, flexural backstripping, forward lithospheric modelling and gravity modelling. In: (Brunet, M.-F., McCann, T. and Sobel, E.R., Eds.), Geological Evolution of Central Asian Basins and the Western Tien Shan Range. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 427, 1-22.Google Scholar
  3. Abers, G.A. and Roecker, S., 1991. Structure of an arc-continent collision: Earthquake relocation and inversion for upper mantle P and S wave velocities beneath Papua New Guinea. Jour. of Geophys. Research, 96, No. B4, 6379-6401Google Scholar
  4. Adamova, A.A. and Sabitova, T.M., 2004. 3D velocity model of Tyan-Shan earth’s crust. Izvestiya, Acad. Sci. Russ., Physics of the Earth, No. 5, 58-67.Google Scholar
  5. Aksenovich, G.I., Aronov, L.E., Gagelgants, А.А., Galperin, E.I., Kayonchkovskiy, M.A., Kosminskaya, I.P. and Krakshina, P.M., 1962. Deep Seismic Sounding in the Central Part of the Caspian Sea. Acad. Sci. USSR, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  6. Alexeyev, V.V., Gadjiev, T.G., Karkoshkin, A.I., Khesin, B.E. and Ismailzadeh, T.A., 1988. Gravity and Magnetic Anomalies in Azerbaijan and their Geological Interpretation. Map Printing Factory, Leningrad (in Russian).Google Scholar
  7. Aliyev, A.S., 1985. Map of Heat Flows in the Depression Zones of Azerbaijan. Scale 1: 500,000, (T.A. Ismailzadeh and T.G. Gadjiev, Eds.), Ministry of Geology of the USSR, Moscow.Google Scholar
  8. Aliyev, G.A., Akhmedbeyli, F.S., Ismailzade, A.D., Kangarli, T.H. and Rustamov, M.I. (Khain, V.E. and Alizadeh, Ak.A., Eds.), 2005a. Geology of Azerbaijan, Vol. IV: Tectonics. Nafta-Press, Baku (in Russian).Google Scholar
  9. Aliyev, S.A., 1988. Geothermal fields of depression zones in the SCB and their relation with oil-gas potential. D.Sci. Thesis, Inst. of Geology, Baku (in Russian).Google Scholar
  10. Aliyev, S.A., Aliyev, C.S., Askerhanova, H.Q., Balakishibeyli, Sh.A., Qasanov, A.O., Qasanov, A.B., Zolotovichaya, T.A., Ismailzade A.D., Isayeva, M.I., Kadirov, F.A., Mukhtarov, A.Sh., Rzayev, A.Q., Cafarov, I.B. and Khalafly, A.A. (Ak.A. Alizadeh, Ed.), 2005b. Geology of Azerbaijan, Vol. V: Physics of the Earth (in Russian).Google Scholar
  11. Aliyev, S.A., Ashirov, T. and Sudakov, N.P., 1979. New data on the heat flow through the Caspian Sea floor. Izvestiya, Acad. Sci. Turkm. SSR, Ser.: Phys-Tech. and Geol. Sci., No. 2, 124-126 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  12. Alizadeh, Ak.A. (Ed.). 2012. Modern Problems of Geology and Geophysics of the Caucasus. Nafta-Press, Baku.Google Scholar
  13. Alizadeh, Ak.A., V.E. Khain and A.D. Ismailzadeh (Eds.), 2000. Saatly Superdeep Well. Studies of Deep Structure of the Kur Intermountain Depression Based on Materials of Drilling of Saatly Superdeep Well SG-1. Nafta-Press, Baku (in Russian).Google Scholar
  14. Ambraseys, N.N. and Melville, C.P., 1982. A History of Persian Earthquakes. Cambridge Univ. Press, N. Y.Google Scholar
  15. Artyushkov, E.V., 1993. Physical Tectonics. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  16. Artyushkov, E.V., 2007. Formation of ultra-deep basin in the South Caspian as a result of phase transition in the continental crust. Geology and Geophys., 48 (12), 1289-1307 (in Russian). Google Scholar
  17. Artyushkov, E.V., Mörner, N.-A. and Tarling, D.H., 2000. The cause of loss of lithospheric rigidity in areas far from plate tectonic activity. Geophysical Journal International, 143, 752-766.Google Scholar
  18. Azizbekov, Sh.A., Alizadeh, K.A., Shikalibeyli, E.Sh. and Gadjiev, T.G. (Eds.), 1972a. Geology of the USSR, Azerbaijan, Vol. XLVII, Nedra, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  19. Azizbekov, Sh.A., Agabekov, M.G., Grigoryants, B.V., Shikalibeyli, E.Sh. and Mamedov, A.V., 1972b. The history of the geological evolution, In: (Sh.A. Azizbekov, K.A. Alizadeh, E.Sh. Shikalibeyli and T.G. Gadjiev, Eds.), Geology of the USSR, Azerbaijan, Vol. XLVII, Nedra, Moscow, 441-503 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  20. Allen, M.B., Vincent, S.J., Alsop, G.I., Ismailzadeh, A. and Flecker, R., 2003. Late Cenozoic deformation in the South Caspian region: effects of a rigid basement block within a collision zone. Tectonophysics, 366, 223-239.Google Scholar
  21. Ashirov, T., 1984. Geothermal Field of Turkmenia. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  22. Babayev, D.Kh. and Gadjiyev, A.N., 2006. Deep Structure and Prospects Oil-and-Gas Content Basin of Caspian Sea. Geol. Inst., Azerb. Acad. Sci., Baku (in Russian).Google Scholar
  23. Balakishibeyli, Sh.A., Salekhli, T.M., Gasanov, A.B. and Guliyev, R.D., 1996. Results of petrophysical research. In: Geophysical Investigations in Azerbaijan. Baku, Nafta-Press, 352-381 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  24. Baranova, E.P., Kosminskaya, I.P. and Pavlenkova, N.I., 1991. A reinterpretation of south Caspian DSS data. Geophysical Journal, 10, 666-677.Google Scholar
  25. Barber, C.B., Dobkin, D.P. and Huhdanpaa, H.T., 1996. The Quickhull Algorithm for Convex Hulls. ACM Trans. on Mathematical Software, 22, No. 4, 469-483.Google Scholar
  26. Barton, P.J., 1986. The relationship between seismic velocity and density in the continental crust – A useful constraint? Geophys. Jour. Royal. Astr. Soc., 87, 195-208.Google Scholar
  27. Brunet, M.-F., Korotayev, M.V., Ershov A.V. and Nikishin, A.M., 2003. The South Caspian Basin: a review of its evolution from subsidence modelling. Sedimentary Geology, 156, 119-148.Google Scholar
  28. Bulakh, E.G., 2000. Review of publication on minimization methods used in inverse gravimetry and magnetometry problems. Geophysical Journal, 19, 709-733.Google Scholar
  29. Bulakh, Y.G., Markova, M.N., Timoshenko, V.I. and Boiko, P.D., 1984. Mathematical Support of Automated System of Gravity Anomaly Interpretation. Naukova Dumka, Kiev (in Russian).Google Scholar
  30. Catalogue of data on heat flow in the territory of the USSR, 1973. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  31. Dehghani, G.A. and Makris, J., 1983. The gravity field and crustal structure of Iran. Geodynamic Project (Geotraverse) in Iran. Final Report. 51. Geological Survey of Iran, 50-68.Google Scholar
  32. Dzabayev, A.A., 1969. Principles of the Searching and Study of Oil-and-Gas Bearing Structures by Aeromagnetic Method (South Caspian Basin). Statistika, Ashkhabad (in Russian).Google Scholar
  33. Egan, S.S., Mosar, J., Brunet, M.F. and Kangarli, T., 2009. Subsidence and uplift mechanisms within the South Caspian Basin: insights from the onshore and offshore Azerbaijan region. Geol. Society, London, Special Publications, 312, 219-240.Google Scholar
  34. Eppelbaum, L.V., 2014a. Estimating informational content in geophysical observations on example of searching economic minerals in Azerbaijan. Izvestiya (Proceedings), Acad. Sci. Azerb. Rep., Ser.: Earth Sciences, Nos. 3-4, 31-40.Google Scholar
  35. Eppelbaum, L.V., 2014b. Four Color Theorem and Applied Geophysics. Applied Mathematics, 5, 358-366.Google Scholar
  36. Eppelbaum, L.V., 2015. Comparison of 3D integrated geophysical modeling in the south Caucasian and eastern Mediterranean Segments of the Alpine-Himalayan tectonic belt. Izvestiya (Proceedings), Acad. Sci. Azerb., Ser.: Earth Sciences, No. 3, 25-42.Google Scholar
  37. Eppelbaum, L.V. and Katz, Yu.I., 2015. Eastern Mediterranean: Combined geological-geophysical zonation and paleogeodynamics of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic structural-sedimentation stages. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 65, 198-216.Google Scholar
  38. Eppelbaum, L.V. and Khesin, B.E. 2004. Advanced 3-D modelling of gravity field unmasks reserves of a pyrite-polymetallic deposit: A case study from the Greater Caucasus. First Break, 22, No. 11, 53-56.Google Scholar
  39. Eppelbaum, L. and Khesin, B., 2011. Development of 3-D gravity-magnetic models of Earth’s crust of Azerbaijan and adjacent areas: A generalized review. Positioning, 2, No. 2, 84-102.Google Scholar
  40. Eppelbaum, L.V. and Khesin, B.E., 2012. Geophysical Studies in the Caucasus. Springer, Heidelberg – N.Y. – London.Google Scholar
  41. Eppelbaum, L.V. and Pilchin, A.N., 2006. Methodology of Curie discontinuity map development for regions with low thermal characteristics: An example from Israel. Earth and Planetary Sciences Letters, 243, Nos. 3-4, 536-551.Google Scholar
  42. Eppelbaum, L.V., Kutasov, I.M. and Pilchin, A.N., 2014. Applied Geothermics. Springer, London - N.Y.Google Scholar
  43. Firbas, P., 1987. Tomography from seismic profiles. In: (G. Nolet, Ed.), Seismic Tomography, with Applications in Global Seismology and Exploration Geophysics, Springer, Reidel, Dordrecht, 189- 202.Google Scholar
  44. Forte, A.M., Cowgill, E., Murtuzayev, I., Kangarli, T. and Stoica, M., 2013. Structural geometries and magnitude of shortening in the eastern Kura fold-thrust belt, Azerbaijan: Implications for the development of the Greater Caucasus Mountains. Tectonics, 32, 688-717.Google Scholar
  45. Gadjiev, R.M., 1965. Deep Geological Structure of Azerbaijan. Azgosizdat, Baku (in Russian).Google Scholar
  46. Gasanov, A.G., 2001. Deep Structure and Seismicity of Azerbaijan in Relation to Hydrocarbons Prognosis. Elm, Baku (in Russian).Google Scholar
  47. Granath, J.W., Soofi, K.A., Baganz, O.W. and Bagirov, E., 2000. Gravity modelling and its implications to the tectonics of the south Caspian basin. AAPG Inaugural Regional International Conf., Extended Abstracts, 46-49.Google Scholar
  48. Glumov, I.F., Malovitsky, Ya.P., Novikov, A.A. and Senin, B.V., 2004. Regional Geology and Oil and Gas Bearing of the Caspian Sea. Nedra, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  49. Gravity map of the USSR, 1990. Scale 1:2,500,000, Ministry of Geology. Moscow.Google Scholar
  50. Goldshmidt, V.I., Kuzmin, Yu.I. and Shabaldin, V.N., 1981. An automated system of gravity data interpretation. In: Theory and Methods for Interpretation of Gravity and Magnetic Fields. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 58-70 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  51. Green, T., Abdullayev, N., Hossack, J., Riley, G. and Roberts, A., 2009. Sedimentation and subsidence in the South Caspian Basin, Azerbaijan. In: (Brunet, M.-F., Wilmsen, M., Granath, J.W., Eds.), South Caspian to Central Iran Basins. The Geol. Society of London. Special Publ., 312, 2241-2260.Google Scholar
  52. Gugunava, G.E., 1988. Structure of Caucasus inferred from the analysis of some geophysical fields. D. Sci. Thesis. Inst. of Geophysics of the Georgian Acad. of Sci. – Inst. of Geology of the Azerb. Acad. of Sci. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  53. Guliyev, I.S., Mamedov, P.Z., Feyzullayev, A.A., Huseynov, D.A., Kadirov, F.A., Aliyeva, E.H.-M., Tagiyev, M.F., 2003. (Ed. Guliyev, I.S.), Hydrocarbon Systems of the South Caspian Basin. Nafta-Press, Baku.Google Scholar
  54. Guliyev, I. and Panachi, B., 2004. Geodynamics of the deep sedimentary basin the Caspian sea region: paragenetic correlation of the seismicity and mud volcanism. Geo-Marine Letters, 24, No. 3, 169-176.Google Scholar
  55. Ismailzadeh, A.D., Alizadeh, Ak.A., Guliyev, I.S., Babayev, D.Kh. and Hajiyev, A.H., 2004. On the possible mantle character of hydrocarbon fluids in the South Caspian Depression. Izvestiya, Acad. Sci. Azerb., Ser.: Earth Sciences, No. 3, 6-11 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  56. Ismailzadeh, A.D., Mustafayev, G.V. and Rustamov, M.I. (Ak.A. Alizadeh, Ed.), 2005. Geology of Azerbaijan, Vol. III, Magmatism. Nafta-Press, Baku (in Russian).Google Scholar
  57. Ismailzadeh, T.A., 1983. Paleomagnetic investigations of Meso-Cenozoic of Azerbaijan. D.Sci. Thesis, Inst. of the Physics of the Earth, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  58. Jackson, J., Priestly, K., Allen, M. and Berberian, M., 2002. Active tectonics of the South Caspian Basin. Geophys. Jour. Intern., 148, 214-245.Google Scholar
  59. Jafarov, H.D., Kerimov, A.A. and Solomonov, B.I., 1967. Deep structure of the Ajinohur region by data of exploration geophysics. Izvestiya VUZov, No. 9, 11-14 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  60. Kaban, M.K., 2002. A gravity model of the north Eurasia crust and upper mantle: 2. The Alpine-Mediterranean fold belt and adjacent structures of the southern former USSR. Russian Jour. of Earth Sci., 4, No. 1, 19-33.Google Scholar
  61. Kadirov, F.A., 2000a. Application of the Hartley transform for interpretation of gravity anomalies in the Shamakhy–Gobustan and Absheron oil- and gas-bearing regions, Azerbaijan. Jour. of Applied Geophysics, 45, 49-61.Google Scholar
  62. Kadirov, F.A., 2000b. Gravity Field and Models of Deep Structure of Azerbaijan. Nafta-Press, Baku (in Russian).Google Scholar
  63. Kadirov, F.A., 2006. Nature of gravitational anomaly in the South Caspian Basin. Trans. of the EAGE 68 th Conference, Vienna, P325, pp. 1-4.Google Scholar
  64. Kadirov, F.A., Floyd, M., Reilinger, R., Alizadeh, Ak.A., Guliyev, I.S., Mammadov, S.G. and Safarov, R.T., 2015. Active geodynamics of the Caucasus Region: Implications For Earthquake Hazards in Azerbaijan. Izvestiya (Proceedings), Acad. Sci. Azerb., Ser.: Earth Sciences, No. 3, 3-17.Google Scholar
  65. Kadirov, F.A. and Gadirov, A.H., 2014. A gravity model of the deep structure of South Caspian Basin along submeridional profile Alborz–Absheron Sill. Global and Planetary Change, 114, 66-74.Google Scholar
  66. Kadirov, F.A., Mammadov, S.A., Reilinger, R. and McClusky, S., 2008. Some new data on modern tectonic deformation and active faulting in Azerbaijan (according to Global Positioning System Measurements). Izvestiya (Proceedings) Acad. Sci. Azerb., Ser.: Earth Sciences, No. 1, 82-88.Google Scholar
  67. Kashkay, M.A. and Aliyev, S.A., 1974. Heat flow in the Kur Depression. In: Deep Heat Flow in the European Part of the USSR. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 95-108 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  68. Kazymova, S.E. and Kazymov, I.E., 2010. 1D velocity model of Kur Depression from the data of telemetric stations of Azerbaijan. In: Science 21 Century, “Volgapromstroibezopasnost”, Saratov, No. 2 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  69. Kerimov, K.M., Pilchin, A.N., Gadzhiev, T.G. and Buachidze, G.Y., 1989. Geothermal map of the Caucasus, Scale 1:1,000,000 Baku, Cartographic Plant No. 11 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  70. Khain, V.E., 1984. Regional Geodynamics. Alpine Mediterranean Belt. Nedra, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  71. Khain, V.E., 2000. Tectonics of Continents and Oceans. Nauchnyi Mir, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  72. Khain, V.E., 2005. The problem of origin and age of South Caspian Basin and its probable solutions. Geotectonics, No. 1, 40-44 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  73. Khain, V.E., 2007. Mesozoic-Cenozoic accretionary complexes of the Greater Caucasus. Doklady Earth Sciences, 413A, No. 3, 376-379.Google Scholar
  74. Khalafly, A.A., 2006. Paleomagnetism and Some Problems of Shear Deformations of the Lesser Caucasus. Takhsil, Baku (in Russian).Google Scholar
  75. Khalilov, E.N., Mekhtiyev, Sh.F. and Khain, V.E., 1987. On some geophysical data confirming the collision origin of the Greater Caucasus. Geotectonics, No. 2, 54-60 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  76. Khesin, B.E., Alexeyev, V.V. and Eppelbaum, L.V., 1993. 3-D modelling of gravity and magnetic fields as a final stage of application of effective interpretation system of geophysical data under difficult geological conditions. Geoinformatics, 4, No. 3, 177-188.Google Scholar
  77. Khesin, B.E., Alexeyev, V.V. and Eppelbaum, L.V., 1996. Interpretation of Geophysical Fields in Complicated Environments. Kluwer Academic Publ. (Springer), Ser: Modern Approaches in Geophysics, Boston – Dordrecht – London.Google Scholar
  78. Khesin, B.E. and Eppelbaum, L.V., 2007. Development of 3-D gravity/magnetic models of Earth's crust in complicated regions of Azerbaijan. Proceed. of the 69th EAGE Conference, P343, London, Great Britain, 1-5.Google Scholar
  79. Knapp, C.C., Knapp, J.H. and Connor, J.A., 2004. Crustal-scale structure of the South Caspian Basin revealed by deep seismic reflection profiling. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 21, 1073-1081.Google Scholar
  80. Koronovsky, N.V., 2000. Seismic tomography. Earth Sciences (Soros’ Russian Journal), 6, No. 11, 63-68.Google Scholar
  81. Koulakov, I., Zabelina, I., Amanatashvili, I. and Meshkina, V., 2012. Nature of orogenesis and volcanism in the Caucasus region based on results of regional tomography. Solid Earth, 3, 327-337.Google Scholar
  82. Krasnopevtseva, G.V., 1984. Deep Structure of the Caucasian Seismoactive Region. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  83. Krasnopevtseva, G.V., Matushkin, B.A., Shevchenko, V.I., 1970. Novel interpretation of the DSS data along the profile Stepnoe – Bakuriani in the Caucasus. Soviet Geology, No. 8, 113-120.Google Scholar
  84. Lebedev, L.I. and Tomara, G.A., 1981. Some peculiarities of distribution of heat flow in the South Caspian. In: Geothermometers and Paleotemperature Gradients. Nauka, Moscow, 156-161 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  85. Leonov, Yu.G. (Ed.), 2008. The Greater Caucasus in the Alpine Epoch. Geos, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  86. Levin, L.E. and Viskovski, Yu.A., 2000. The SCB: evolution and thermal regime of oil gas systems. Proceed. of the III Azerbaijan Intern. Geoph. Conf. Baku, p.239.Google Scholar
  87. Lyubimova, E.A., 1968. Thermal history of the Earth. In: The Earth’s Crust and Upper Mantle, Amer. Geophys. Union, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., 13, 63-77.Google Scholar
  88. Lyubimova, E.A., Nikitina, V.N. and Tomara, G.A., 1976. Thermal Fields of the Inner and Marginal Seas in the USSR. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  89. Malovitsky, Ya.P., Kogan, L.I., Mistrukov, Yu.M. et al., 1977. Marine Geophysical Investigations. Nedra, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  90. Mamedov, A.V., 1984. Tectonics of Quaternary deposits of Azerbaijan. In: Essays of Geology of Azerbaijan. Acad. Sci. Azerb., Baku, 256-270 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  91. Mamedov, P.Z., 1991. Paleo-deltaic complexes in the north of the South Caspian depression. Petroleum Geology, 225, Nos. 9-10.Google Scholar
  92. Mamedov, P.Z., 1992. Seismostratigraphical investigations of geological structure of sedimentary cover of South Caspian superdepression and perspectives of oil–gas productivity. D.Sci. Thesis, National Academy of Sciences, Baku, Azerbaijan (in Russian).Google Scholar
  93. Mamedov, P.Z., 2004. Genesis and seismic stratigraphic model of the South Caspian Megabasin architecture. In: (Alizadeh, Ak.A., Ed.), South Caspian Basin: Geology, Geophysics, Oil and Gas Content. Nafta-Press, Baku, 150-164.Google Scholar
  94. Mamedov, P.Z., 2008. The subsidence evolution of the South Caspian Basin. Abstract Book of Conference EAGE “Petroleum Geology & Hydrocarbon Potential of Caspian and Black Sea Regions”, 6–8 October 2008, Baku, Azerbaijan.Google Scholar
  95. Mamedov, P.Z., 2009. Sedimentation models in the SCMB and their seismostratigraphic characteristics. Stratigraphy and Sedimentology of Oil-Gas Basins, No. 3, 70-85.Google Scholar
  96. Mamedov, P.Z., Guliyev, Q.Q., Kadirov, F.A., Shykhalyev, Y.A., Guliyev, I.S., Aliyeva, E.H., Feyzullayev, A.A., Dadashov, F.Q., Kheirov, M.B. and Tagiyev, M.F., 2008. (Ak.A. Alizadeh, Ed.), 2008. Geology of Azerbaijan, Vol. VII: Oil and Gas. Nafta-Press, Baku (in Russian).Google Scholar
  97. Mangino, S. and Priestley, K., 1998. The crustal structure of the southern Caspian region. Geophysical Jour. International, 133, 630-648.Google Scholar
  98. Mederer, J., Moritz, R., Ulianov, A. and Chiaradia, M., 2013. Middle Jurassic to Cenozoic evolution of arc magmatism during Neotethys subduction and arc-continent collision in the Kapan Zone, southern Armenia. Lithos, 177, 61-78.Google Scholar
  99. Mosar, J., Kangarli, T., Bochud, M., Glasmacher, U.A., Rast, A., Brunet, M.-F. and Sosson, M., 2010. Cenozoic–Recent tectonics and uplift in the Greater Caucasus: A perspective from Azerbaijan. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 340, 261-280.Google Scholar
  100. Mukhtarov, A.Sh., 2004. Heat flow distribution and some aspects of thermal field formation in the Caspian region. In: (Ed. Ak. A. Alizadeh), South Caspian Basin: Geology, Geophysics, Oil and Gas Content. Nafta-Press, Baku, 165-172.Google Scholar
  101. Mukhtarov, A.Sh., 2011. Structure of thermal flow of sedimentary complex of the Southern Caspian Basin. D.Sci Thesis, Inst. of Geology, Baku (in Russian).Google Scholar
  102. Mukhtarov, A.Sh. and Adigezalov, N.Z., 1997. Thermal regime of mud volcanos in the East Azerbaijan. Proceed. of the Geol. Inst., Acad. Sci. Azerb., 26, Baku, 221-228 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  103. Mukhtarov, A.Sh., Tagiyev, M.F. and Imamverdiyev, R.A., 2003. Models of oil-gas generation and prediction of the phase state of hydrocarbons in the Baku Archipelago. Izvestiya, Acad. Sci. Azerb., Ser.: Earth Sciences, No. 2, 17-25 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  104. Pavlenkova, G.A., 2012. Structure of the Caucasus’ earth crust along the deep seismic sounding profiles Stepnoe-Bakuriani and Volgograd-Nakhchivan (results of initial data re-interpretation). Izvestiya, Physics of the Earth, No. 5, 16-25.Google Scholar
  105. Pilchin, A.N. and Eppelbaum, L.V., 1997. Determination of magnetized bodies lower edges by using geothermal data. Geophysical Journal International, 128, No.1, 167-174.Google Scholar
  106. Popov, V.S. and Kremenetsky, A.A., 1999. Deep and superdeep scientific drilling on continents. Earth Sciences, No. 11, 61-68 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  107. Priestley, K., Baker, C. and Jackson, J., 1994. Implications of earthquake focal mechanism data for the active tectonics of the South Caspian Basin and surrounding regions. Geophysical Jour. International, 118, 111-141.Google Scholar
  108. Radjabov, M.M., 1974. Seismic models of the Earth’s crust of Azerbaijan. D. Sci. Thesis. Inst. of the Physics of the Earth, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  109. Radjabov, M.M., 1977. Compiling of velocity model of the Earth crust on example of the Kur Depression. Izvestiya, Acad. Sci. Azerb., Ser.: Earth Sci., No. 6, 13-17 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  110. Rappel, C. and Mcnutt, M., 1990. Regional compensation of the Greater Caucasus mountains based on an analysis of Bouguer gravity data. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 98, 360-379.Google Scholar
  111. Reilinger, R., McClusky, S., Vernant, P. Lawrence, S., Ergintav, S., Cakmak, R., Ozener, H., Kadirov, F., Guliyev, I., Stepanyan, R., Nadariya, M., Hahubia, G., Mahmoud, S., Sakr, K., ArRajehi, A., Paradissis, D., Al-Aydrus, A., Prilepin, M., Guseva, T., Evren, E., Dmitrotsa, A., Filikov, V., Gomez, F., Al-Ghazzi, R. and Karam, G., 2006. GPS constraints on continental deformation in the Africa-Arabia-Eurasia continental collision zone and implications for the dynamics of plate interactions. Jour of Geophysical Research, 111, B05411, 1-26.Google Scholar
  112. Rezanov, I.A. and Shevchenko, V.I., 1978. Structure and Evolution of Earth’s Crust of Geosynclines. Nedra, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  113. Richter, C.F., 1958. Elementary Seismology. W. H. Freeman & Co., San Francisco.Google Scholar
  114. Ricketts, J.W., Takedatsu, R., Mellors, R.J., Sandwell, D., Gok, R. and Yetirmishli, G., 2008. Crustal Structure of the Caucasus and Caspian Region Using Gravity and Receiver Functions. Proceed. of the American Geophysical Union Fall Meet., abstract #T21A-1922.Google Scholar
  115. Riordan, J., 2014. An Introduction to Combinatorial Analysis. Princeton Univ. Press.Google Scholar
  116. Ruban, D.A., 2013. The Greater Caucasus – A Galatian or Hanseatic terrane? Comment on “The formation of Pangea” by G.M. Stampfli, C. Hochard, C. Vérard, C. Wilhem and J. von Raumer [Tectonophysics, 593 (2013), 1-19]. Tectonophysics, 608, 1442-1444.Google Scholar
  117. Saintot, A., Brunet, M.-F., Yakovlev, F., Sebrier, M., Stephenson, R., Ershov, A., Chalot-Prat, F. and McCann, T., 2006. The Mesozoic-Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Greater Caucasus. The Geological Society of London, Memoirs, 32, 277-289.Google Scholar
  118. Salekhli, T.M., 1993. Facial alternation of Cenozoic deposits on the geotraverse Kyurdamir-Byandovan and its reflection on petrophysical characteristics. In: Structural-Formational and Seismostratigraphic Investigation of Sedimentary Strata of South Caspian Mega-Depression. AzVNIIGEOFIZIKA, 12-23.Google Scholar
  119. Sarker, G. and Abers, G.A., 1998. Deep structures along the boundary of a collision belt: attenuation tomography of P and S waves in the Greater Caucasus. Geophysical Jour. International, 133, 326-340.Google Scholar
  120. Sharkov, E., Lebedev, V., Chugayev, A., Zabarinskaya, L., Rodnikov, A., Sergeyeva, N. and Safonova, I., 2015. The Caucasian-Arabian segment of the Alpine-Himalayan collisional belt: Geology, volcanism and neotectonics. Geosciences Frontiers, 6, No. 4, 513-522.Google Scholar
  121. Shekinsky, E., Radjabov, M., Timukyan, G., Levi, V. and Riger, R., 1967. Study of the Earth’s crust structure in Azerbaijan using deep seismic sounding. Izvestiya, Acad. Sci. Azerb., Ser.: Earth Sci., No. 5, 41-50 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  122. Shikhalibeyli, E.Sh., 1972. Location of Azerbaijan in general structure of the Caucasus and surrounding folded region, In: (Azizbekov, Sh.A. Alizadeh, K.A., Shikalibeyli, E.Sh. and Gadjiev, T.G., Eds.), Geology of the USSR, Azerbaijan, Vol. XLVII. Nedra, Moscow, 286-290 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  123. Shikhalibeyli, E.S. and Grigoriants, B.V., 1980. Principal features of the crustal structure of the South-Caspian Basin and the conditions of its formation. Tectonophysics, 69, 113-121.Google Scholar
  124. Shikhalibeyli, E.Sh., Askerhanova, N.G., Kadirov, F.A. and Gairov A.G., 1990. Gravity modeling along the GSZ No. 3, Poylu-Masalli profile. Izvestiya, Acad. Sci. Azerb., Ser.: Earth Sci., No. 2, 107-110 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  125. Spichak, V.V., 1999. Magnetotelluric Fields in Three-Dimensional Models of Geoelectrics. Nauchnyi Mir, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  126. Strakhov, V.N. 1976. Main Ideas and Methods for Deriving Information from Gravitational and Magnetic Observations. Nedra, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  127. Tarakanov, R.Z., 2006. Velocity models and P-waves hodographs for the Far East region. Herald of the Far East Branch of the Russ. Acad. Sci., No. 1, 81-94 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  128. Tikhonov, A.N. and Arsenin, V.Y., 1977. Solutions of Ill-Posed Problems. V. H. Winston and Sons (distributed by Wiley, N.Y.).Google Scholar
  129. Tomara, G.A., 1979. Thermal stream of deepwater trough of Caspian Sea. In: Experimental and Theoretical Study of Hot Streams. Nauka, Moscow, 99-112 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  130. Trofimov, I.L., 1995. Observations of telluric field variations in the seismic region of Azerbaijan. Izvestiya, Acad. Sci. Russ., Physics of the Solid Earth, 30, Nos. 7-8, 672-678.Google Scholar
  131. Turcotte, D.L. and Schubert, G., 1982. Geodynamics: Applications of Continuum Physics to Geological Problems. John Wiley & Sons, NY.Google Scholar
  132. Tzimelzon, I.O., 1965. Deep structure of the Earth’s crust and tectonics of Azerbaijan on the geophysical data analysis. Soviet Geology, No. 4, 103-111 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  133. Tzimelzon, I.O., 1970. Relation between the tectonics of sedimentary deposits of Azerbaijan and earth’s deep structure. Geotectonics, No. 5, 69-81 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  134. Ulomov, V.I., 2003. Voluminous model of dynamics of lithosphere, seismicity structure and variations of the level of Caspian Sea. Izvestiya, Acad. Sci. Russ., Phys. of the Earth, No. 5, 5-17 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  135. Usoltseva, O.A., 2004. 3D Velocity Models of the Tyan-Shan Earth’s Crust on the Basis of Bi-Spline Parametrization and Delone Triangulation. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).Google Scholar
  136. Usoltseva, O.A., Kazymova, S.E. and Kazymov, I.E., 2010. Seismotomographic investigation of crust of south-eastern Caucasus by the use of Delone triangulation by data of P-wave traveltime. In: Dynamic Processes in Geospheres, Russ. Acad. of Sci., Moscow, 140-147 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  137. Van Baak, C.G.C., Vasiliev, I., Stoica, M., Kuiper, K.F., Forte, A.M., Aliyeva, E., and Krijgsman, W., 2013. A magnetostratigraphic time frame for Plio-Pleistocene transgressions in the South Caspian Basin, Azerbaijan. Global and Planetary Change, 103, 119-134.Google Scholar
  138. Yakubov, A.A., Alizade, A.A. and Zeynalov, M.M., 1971. Mud Volcanoes of Azerbaijan Rep., Atlas. Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR. Acad. of Sci. of Azerbaijan, Baku (in Russian).Google Scholar
  139. Yetirmishli, G.D. and Kazimova, S.E., 2013. Velocity model of crust of Azerbaijan from the data of digital seismic stations. Geology and Geophysics of South of Russia. No. 1, 59-74.Google Scholar
  140. Yetirmishli, G.C., Kazimova, S.E. and Kazimov, I.E., 2011. One-dimensional velocity model of the Middle Kur Depression from the local earthquakes data of Azerbaijan. Izvestiya, Russ. Acad. Sci., Physics of the Solid Earth, 47, No. 9, 847-856.Google Scholar
  141. Yurov, Yu.G., 1963. Structure of Earth’s crust in the Caucasus and isostasy. Soviet Geology, No 9, 42-47 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  142. Zonenshain, L.P. and Le Pichon, X., 1986. Deep basins of the Black Sea and Caspian Sea as remnants of Mesozoic back-arc basins. Tectonophysics, 123, 181-211.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akif A. Alizadeh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ibrahim S. Guliyev
    • 1
  • Fakhraddin A. Kadirov
    • 1
  • Lev V. Eppelbaum
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Geology and Geophysics SciencesAzerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan
  2. 2.Faculty of Exact Sciences, Department of Earth SciencesTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael

Personalised recommendations