Advertisement

A Theoretical and Empirical Study of the Core of the Psychosomatic Approach to Obstetrics and Gynecology: Meta-Competences, Clinical Roles, and POG Competency Profiles

  • Frits C. Meijering
  • Harry B. M. van de Wiel
  • K. Marieke Paarlberg
Chapter

Abstract

The professional roles that are relevant for all clinicians are summarized in the CanMEDS model. Their relevance lies in the behavioral repertoire associated with the various roles; these behaviors can be used to deal with a variety of complex problems in a wide range of situations. The advantage of the clusters of knowledge, skills, and attitudes that go with these behaviors is that they are universal. Communication, collaboration, etc., transcend specialties and disciplines. They are meta-competences that can be applied in equal measure by other professionals such as midwives and even by HR staff, managers, and executives.

For this chapter, our point of departure was the 2005 version of the CanMEDS. Because this model is constantly in flux, to a certain extent, the roles are also described on the basis of the 2015 draft version of CanMEDS 2015, in which the roles have been defined in even greater detail. We will distinguish the following seven roles: professional, collaborator, communicator, manager (also leader/organizer), scholar (also knowledge worker/tutor), health advocate (also innovator/ethicist/lawyer/quality manager), and medical expert.

Keywords

CanMEDS roles framework CanMEDS competences Competences Meta-competences Core competences Clinical roles Psychosomatic approach Biopsychosocial model Educational architecture Educational philosophy 

References

  1. 1.
    Frank JR, Snell L, Sherbino J. The Draft CanMEDS 2015; Physician Competency Framework - Series IV. Ottawa: Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada; 2015.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dewey J. Human nature and conduct. New York: H. Holt and Company; 1922.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Polanyi M. Personal knowledge. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul; 1978.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    den Boer JA. Neurofilosofie. Boom: Amsterdam/Meppel; 2003.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Damasio AR. Descartes’ error: emotion, reason, and the brain. New York: Grosset/Putnam; 1994.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Damasio AR. Looking for Spinoza. Joy, Sorrow, and the Feeling Brain. New York: Harcourt; 2003.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bourdieu P. Economisch kapitaal, cultureel kapitaal, sociaal kapitaal. In: Pels D, editor. Opstellen over smaak, habitus en veldbegrip. Amsterdam: Van Gennip; 1989.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Giddens A. Modernity and self and society in the late modern age. Cambridge: Polity; 1991.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sen A. Development as freedom. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press; 2001.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dennett DC. Intuition Pomps and other tools of thinking. New York: W.W. Norton & Company; 2013.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    van Merriënboer JJG, van der Klink MR, Hendriks M. Competenties: van complicaties tot compromis. Over schuifjes en begrenzers. Onderwijsraad: Den Haag; 2002.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Greenwood DJ, Levin M. Introduction to action research: social research for social change. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications; 1998.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Popper K. Objective knowledge. Oxford: Clarendon; 1972.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Veening EP. Over de werkelijkheid van drie werelden. Een pleidooi voor herziening van Poppers ‘Driewereldentheorie’. Wageningen: Ponsen & Looijen; 1998.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Jorna RJ, van Engelen JML, Hadders H. Duurzame innovatie: organisaties en de dynamiek van kenniscreatie. Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum; 2004.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Scally G, Donaldson LJ. The NHS’s 50th anniversary: clinical governance and the drive for quality improvement in the new NHS in England. Br Med J. 1998;317(7150):61–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Quinn RE, Fearman SR. Becoming a master manager. A competing values approach. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons; 2010.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    de Bono E. Six thinking hats. Toronto: Mica Management Resources, Inc; 1985.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Watslawick P, Beavin JB, Jackson D. Pragmatics of human communication. A study of interactional patterns, pathologies and paradoxes. New York: W.W. Norton and Co; 1967.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wouda JC. Patient education in medical-specialist consultations. Groningen: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen; 2014.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dewey J. Democracy and education. An introduction to the philosophy of education. New York: MacMillan Company; 1916.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Covey S. The seven habits of highly effective people. New York: Free Press; 1989.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wagner EH, Austin BT, Von KM. Improving outcomes in chronic illness. Manag Care Q. 1996;4(12):25.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Prahalad CK, Hamel G. The core competence of the corporation. Harv Bus Rev. 1990;68:79–91.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tronto JC. Moral boundaries. A political argument for an ethic of care. London: Routledge; 1993.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Verkerk MA, van Dartel H. Ethiek en action research: op weg naar reflectieve zelfzorg. In: Boog B, Slagter M, Jacobs-Moonen I, Meijering F, editors. Focus op Actionresearch: De professional als handelingsonderzoeker. Assen: Van Gorcum; 2015.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Nooteboom B. Trust: forms, foundations, functions, failures and figures. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar; 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Mintzberg H. Structures in fives. Designing effective organizations. Englewood: Prentice Hall; 1983.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Nonaka I, Takeuchi H. The knowledge-creating company. New York: Oxford University Press; 1995.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frits C. Meijering
    • 1
  • Harry B. M. van de Wiel
    • 2
  • K. Marieke Paarlberg
    • 3
  1. 1.NHL University of Applied ScienceDepartment of Social WorkGroningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Wenckebach InstituteUniversity of Groningen, University Medical Centre GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyGelre Hospitals, Apeldoorn LocationApeldoornThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations