Research on the Impact of Menu Structure of Smart Phones on Dual Task Performance

  • Huining XingEmail author
  • Hua Qin
  • Dingding Wang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9741)


The purpose of this paper is to study the influence of smartphone application arrangement on user performance of completing a sub-task and satisfaction in the course of telephoning. Base on simulated smartphone interface, three kinds of application arrangement are designed for the experiment. Participants begin to conduct another application in a kind of application arrangement while telephoning. The results show that the user’s operation time is the shortest and satisfaction is the best while frequent applications arranged on the telephoning interface. And the followed is the applied application arranged on the telephoning interface.


Smart phone Menu structure Application arrangement 



The research project presented in this paper is a part of the Project “Research on Technology and Standards of Information Presentation Density of Information Display Interface and Menu Dialog Ergonomics Design”, which was supported by the China National Institute of Standardization. The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the China National Institute of Standardization for this project (2014BAK01B01-2).


  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Dillon, A., Richardson, J., McKnight, C.: The effects of display size and text splitting on reading lengthy text from screen. Behav. Inf. Technol. 9(3), 215–227 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jones, M., Marsden, G., Mohd-Nasir, N., Boone, K., Buchanan, G.: Improving web interaction on small displays. Comput. Netw. 31, 1129–1137 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tang, K.: Menu design with visual momentum for compact smart products. J. Hum. Factors Ergon. Soc. 43(2), 267–277 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang, A.H., Lai, Y.Y., Sun, C.T.: Effect of PDA scrolling- and hierarchy-menu design on users’ operating performance. Displays 25, 109–114 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bohmer, M., Bauer, G.: Exploiting the icon arrangement on mobile devices as information source for context-awareness. In: Proceeding of Mobile HCI (2010)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Huhtala, J., Mäntyjärvi, J., Ahtinen, A., Ventä, L., Isomursu, M.: Animated transitions for adaptive small size mobile menus. In: Gross, T., Gulliksen, J., Kotzé, P., Oestreicher, L., Palanque, P., Prates, R.O., Winckler, M. (eds.) INTERACT 2009. LNCS, vol. 5726, pp. 772–781. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Benyon, D.: Adaptive systems: a solution to usability problems. User Model. User-Adap. Inter. 3(1), 65–87 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Weld, D.S., Anderson, C., Domingos, P., Etzioni, O., Gajos, K., Lau, T., Wolfman, S.: Automatically personalizing user interfaces. In: Proceedings of the 18th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (2003)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Van Velsen, L., Van der Geest, T., Klaassen, R., Steehouder, M.: User-centered evaluation of adaptive and adaptable systems: a literature review. Knowl. Eng. Rev. 23(03), 261–281 (2008)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Verkasalo, H.: Contextual patterns in mobile service usage. Pers. Ubiquit. Comput. 13(5), 331–342 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Do, T.M.T., Perez, D.G.: By their apps you shall understand them: mining large-scale patterns of mobile phone usage. In: Proceeding of the 9th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia (2010)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mitchell, J., Shneiderman, B.: Dynamic versus static menus: an exploratory comparison. SIGCHI Bull. 20(4), 33–37 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Park, J., Han, S.H., Park, Y.S., Cho, Y.A.: Adaptable versus adaptive menus on the desktop: performance and user satisfaction. Int. J. Ind. Ergon. 37(8), 675–684 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bridle, R., McCreath, E.: Inducing shortcuts on a mobile phone interface. In: Proceeding of the 11th International Conference on Intelligent User Interface, pp. 327–329 (2006)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Vetek, A., Flanagan, J.A., Colley, A., Keränen, T.: SmartActions: context-aware mobile phone shortcuts. In: Gross, T., Gulliksen, J., Kotzé, P., Oestreicher, L., Palanque, P., Prates, R.O., Winckler, M. (eds.) INTERACT 2009. LNCS, vol. 5726, pp. 796–799. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Albers, M., Kim, L.: Information design for the small-screen interface: an overview of web design issues for personal digital assistants. Tech. Commun. 49(1), 45–60 (2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial Engineering, School of Mechanical-Electronic and Automobile EngineeringBeijing University of Civil Engineering and ArchitectureBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations