Advertisement

Peritoneal Dialysis

  • Jared Kray
  • W. Kirt NicholsEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Interest in using the peritoneal membrane as a method for eliminating waste from the body began after it was recognized as a semipermeable membrane by Wegner in 1877. Since that time, many have made contributions to the concept of using the peritoneum to filter accumulated wastes. Today, peritoneal dialysis has evolved into its current state as a viable alternative to hemodialysis for patients with end-stage renal disease. This chapter will discuss the surgically relevant aspects of peritoneal dialysis with a focus on current state of peritoneal dialysis, basic pathophysiology of peritoneal filtration, access options, and complications inherent to using this method for dialysis.

Keywords

Peritoneal dialysis 

References

  1. 1.
    Wegner G. Chirurgische Bemerkungen uber die Peritonealhohle, mit besonderer Berucksichtigung der Ovariotomie. Arch f Klin Chir. 1877;20:21–145.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Putnam TJ. The living peritoneum as a dialyzing membrane. Am J Physiol. 1923;63:548–65.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jain AK, et al. Global trends in rates of peritoneal dialysis. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2012;23(3):533–44.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jager KJ, et al. The effect of contraindications and patient preference on dialysis modality selection in ESRD patients in The Netherlands. Am J Kidney Dis. 2004;43(5):891–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mehrotra R, et al. Patient education and access of ESRD patients to renal replacement therapies beyond in-center hemodialysis. Kidney Int. 2005;68(1):378–90.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Little J, et al. Predicting a patient’s choice of dialysis modality: experience in a United Kingdom renal department. Am J Kidney Dis. 2001;37(5):981–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Golper TA, et al. Risk factors for peritonitis in long-term peritoneal dialysis: the Network 9 peritonitis and catheter survival studies. Academic Subcommittee of the Steering Committee of the Network 9 Peritonitis and Catheter Survival Studies. Am J Kidney Dis. 1996;28(3):428–36.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Guo A, Mujais S. Patient and technique survival on peritoneal dialysis in the United States: evaluation in large incident cohorts. Kidney Int Suppl. 2003;88:S3–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Heaf JG, Lokkegaard H, Madsen M. Initial survival advantage of peritoneal dialysis relative to haemodialysis. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2002;17(1):112–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Collins AJ, et al. Mortality risks of peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis. Am J Kidney Dis. 1999;34(6):1065–74.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    System, U.S.R.D. 2014 USRDS annual data report: An overview of the epidemiology of kidney disease in the United States. Bethesda: National Institute of Health; 2014.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Moura A, et al. Predictors of health-related quality of life perceived by end-stage renal disease patients under online hemodiafiltration. Qual Life Res. 2014.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Liem YS, Bosch JL, Hunink MG. Preference-based quality of life of patients on renal replacement therapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Value Health. 2008;11(4):733–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cedar RapidsUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Missouri – ColumbiaColumbiaUSA

Personalised recommendations