Advertisement

“Just Deploy and Always Call It Peacekeeping!” Italian Strategic Culture and International Military Operations

  • Chiara Ruffa
Chapter
  • 361 Downloads
Part of the New Security Challenges book series (NSECH)

Abstract

The fifth chapter studies Italian strategic culture and decisions to participate in all four of the operations examined in the book. The analysis shows that for Italy it has been important that international military operations are multilateral, preferably with a UN mandate, and that they promote a peacekeeping narrative. In all operations studied, Italy has worked towards that end. Even though Italy’s parliament has formally a pre-eminent role and is usually consulted on decisions, the decision itself is in the hands of the prime minister who at times can change his decision in a very short space of time. For historical reasons, the armed forces have been kept at a distance from the political decision-making process but with increased experience from international operations their advice has become more important for politicians.

Keywords

Armed Force Operation Iraqi Freedom Operation Enduring Freedom Joint Chief Foreign Mission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Laura Grant for excellent editing. Remaining mistakes are all mine.

References

  1. Coticchia, Fabrizio, and Carolina De Simone. 2015. All Quiet on the Western Front? Framing Italy’s ‘Peace Mission’ in Afghanistan. In Strategic Narratives, Public Opinion and War. Winning Support for Foreign Military Missions, eds. B. de Graaf, D. Dimitriu, and J. Ringsmose. Routledge: London and New York. 219–240Google Scholar
  2. Fini, Gianfranco. 2003. Camera dei Deputati. Speech by President of the Lower Chamber of the Italian Parliament. Accessed 1 May 2014.Google Scholar
  3. Feaver, Peter D. 1999. Civil Military Relations. Annual Review of Political Science 2: 211–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gaiani, Gianandrea. 2007. Iraq-Afghanistan Guerre Di Pace Italiane. Venezia: Studio LT2.Google Scholar
  5. Giacomello, Giampiero, and Bertjan Verbreek. 2011. Italy’s Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century. The New Assertiveness of an Aspiring Middle Power. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  6. Ignazi, Piero, Giampiero Giacomello, and Fabrizio Coticchia. 2012. Just Don’t Call It War- Italian Military Operations Abroad. Palgrave MacMillan: London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Italian Armed Forces. 2004. OPLAN 10302 Revised for the Authorization of ISAF. del 4 mag. 2006 che ha sostituito l’OPLAN 10302 del 2 apr. 2004.Google Scholar
  8. King, Anthony. 2011. The Transformation of European Armed Forces. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Labanca, Nicola. 2009. Le Armi Della Repubblica: Dalla Liberazione a Oggi. In Gli Italiani in Guerra. Conflitti, Identità, Memorie Dal Risorgimento Ai Nostri Giorni, ed. M. Isnenghi. Torino: Utet.Google Scholar
  10. Marrone, Alessandro, and Federica di Camillo. 2013. Italy. In Strategic Cultures in Europe, eds. B. Giegerich, H. Biehl, and A. Jonas. Vienna: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  11. Pierini, Jean Pierre. 2013. Pirateria Aspetto Giuridico Nazionale. in Rivista Navale.Google Scholar
  12. Ronzitti, Natalino and Ruffa, Chiara. 2014. L’Italia Nelle Missioni Internazionali: Problematiche Operative E Giuridiche. (Report Prepared for the Italian Parliament. Istituto Affari Internazionali edition).Google Scholar
  13. Rosa, Paolo. 2014. The Accomodationist State: Strategic Culture and Italy’s Military Behaviour. International Relations 28(1): 88–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ruffa, Chiara. 2014. Societal beliefs about the use of force in Israel, Italy and France. The Tocqueville Review/La Revue Tocqueville 35(2): 101–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. ———. 2016. Imagining War and Keeping Peace: Military Cultures in Peace Operations. Philadelphia, PA: Penn University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Ruffa, Chiara, and Pascal Vennesson. 2014. Fighting and Helping? A Historical-Institutionalist Explanation of NGO-Military Relations. Security Studies 23(3): 582–621. doi: 10.1080/09636412.2014.935236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sundberg, Ralph. and Ruffa, Chiara. 2014. Breaking the Frame: Frame Dissonance in War and Peace. (Paper under Review)Google Scholar
  18. Stewart, Rory. 2006. The Prince of the Marshes: And Other Occupational Hazards of a Year in Iraq. Toronto: Penguin Canada.Google Scholar
  19. United Nations. 2016. Troop and police contributors. http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/resources/statistics/contributors.shtml (2014-12-12)

Interviews

  1. Expert 1. 2014. Ministry of Defense. Rome: November.Google Scholar
  2. Expert 2. 2014. Joint Chief of Staff. Rome: November.Google Scholar
  3. Expert 3. 2014. Joint Chief of Staff at the time of the Iraqi war. Rome: November.Google Scholar
  4. Expert 4. 2014. Ministry of Defense. Rome: November.Google Scholar
  5. Expert 5. 2014. Tink tank. Rome: November.Google Scholar
  6. Expert 6. 2014. Tink tank. Rome: November.Google Scholar
  7. Expert 7. 2014. Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Rome, NovemberGoogle Scholar
  8. Expert 8. 2014. Tink tank. Rome: NovemberGoogle Scholar
  9. Expert 9. 2014. Ministry of defense (Via email).Google Scholar
  10. Expert 10. 2014. Joint Chief of Staff (Via phone).Google Scholar
  11. Expert 11. 2010. Officer, (Kabul, Afghanistan).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chiara Ruffa
    • 1
  1. 1.StockholmSweden

Personalised recommendations