Fused Visualization with Non-uniform Transparent Surface for Volumetric Data Using Stochastic Point-Based Rendering

  • Kyoko HasegawaEmail author
  • Yuta Fujimoto
  • Rui Xu
  • Tomoko Tateyama
  • Yen-Wei Chen
  • Satoshi Tanaka
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 60)


In medical, scientific, and other fields, transparent surface visualization is useful for investigating inner three-dimensional (3D) structures. Such visualization typically involves the use of polygon graphics in which the polygons must be sorted along the line of sight. However, sorting involves considerable computation time for large-scale data. Furthermore, the order of polygons in the sorting can often become indefinite, especially for intersecting surfaces. Therefore, particle-based volume rendering that does not require sorting is proposed as a transparent-rendering method. The proposed method obtains slice images with non-uniform opacity using color and opacity maps similar to volume rendering. The method initially generates the particles, a process it performs only once. It additionally employs particle shuffling, which requires considerably less computation time than particle sorting. To demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed method, we rendered 3D-fused images, including slice–slice and volume–slice images, for medical volumetric data. The results show that the performance of the proposed method is satisfactory in cases in which the area of the particle is greater than that of the cell.


Particle-based surface rendering High-resolution volumetric data Fused visualization 


  1. 1.
    Drebin, R., Carpenter, L., Hanrahan, P.: Volume rendering. In: Proceeding of SIG-GRAPH’88, pp. 29–37 (1988)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Levoy, M.: Display of surface from volume data. IEEE Comput. Graph. Appl. 8(3), 29–37 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Carpenter, L.: The a-buffer, an antialiased hidden surface method. Comput. Graph. 34, 34–42 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Everitt, C.: Interactive order-independent transparency. Technical Report NVIDIA Corporation (2001)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Koyamada, K., Sakamoto, N., Tanaka, S.: A particle modeling for rendering irregular volumes. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Modeling and Simulation (UKSIM 2008), Cambridge, England, pp. 372–377 (2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sakamoto, N., Kawamura, T., Koyamada, K.: Improvement of particle-based volume rendering for visualizing irregular volume data sets. Comput. Graph. 34(1), 34–42 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tanaka, S., Hasegawa, K., Shimokubo, Y., Kaneko, T., Kawamura, T., Nakata, S., Ojima, S., Sakamoto, N., Tanaka, H.T., Koyamada, K.: Particle-based transparent rendering of implicit surfaces and its application to fused visualization, EuroVis 2012, Vienna, Austria, June 5–8, 2012Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Satoshi, T., Akio, M., Satoru, N., Yasushi, F., Hiroaki, Y.: Sampling implicit surfaces based on stochastic differential equations with converging constraint. Comput. Graph. 24(3), 419–431 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Takayama K., Okabe M., Ijiri T., Igarashi T.: Lapped solid textures: filling a model with anisotropic textures. ACM Trans. Graph. (TOG) 27(3) (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hasegawa, K., Hachimura, K., Tanaka, S.: 3D Fused Visualization Based on Particles-Based Rendering with Opacity Using Volume Texture, AsiaSim2013, Singapore, pp. 160–166 (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyoko Hasegawa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yuta Fujimoto
    • 2
  • Rui Xu
    • 3
  • Tomoko Tateyama
    • 1
  • Yen-Wei Chen
    • 1
  • Satoshi Tanaka
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Information Science and EngineeringRitsumeikan UniversityKusatsuJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Science and EngineeringRitsumeikan UniversityKusatsuJapan
  3. 3.School of SoftwareDalian University of TechnologyDalianPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations