Behavior and Learning of Students Using Worked-Out Examples in a Tutoring System
Worked-out examples have been shown to increase learning gains over problem solving alone. These increases are even greater in novices and those who are learning algorithmic topics, such as those in Computer Science. We have integrated this strategy into our Intelligent Tutoring System and evaluated it on undergraduate students learning the linked list data structure. Although promising, we have identified behavioral differences between high and low gainers - spending less time on an example, and prematurely quitting them led to greater learning.
KeywordsIntelligent Tutoring Systems Worked-out examples
- 2.Di Eugenio, B., Green, N., AlZoubi, O., Alizadeh, M., Harsley, R., Fossati, D.: Worked-out example in a computer science intelligent tutoring system. In: 16th Annual Conference on Information Technology Education. Chicago, IL., October 2015Google Scholar
- 3.Green, N., Di Eugenio, B., Harsley, R., Fossati, D., AlZoubi, O., Alizadeh, M.: Student behavior with worked-out examples in a computer science intelligent tutoring system. In: International Conference on Educational Technologies. Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil, November 2015Google Scholar
- 6.McLaren, B.M., van Gog, T., Ganoe, C., Yaron, D., Karabinos, M.: Worked examples are more efficient for learning than high-assistance instructional software. In: Conati, C., Heffernan, N., Mitrovic, A., Verdejo, M.F. (eds.) AIED 2015. LNCS, vol. 9112, pp. 710–713. Springer, Heidelberg (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar