Potential of Best Available and Radically New Technologies for Cutting Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Ironmaking



Transition to a low-carbon economy requires modernisation of the iron and steel industry. Improvement of energy efficiency of blast furnace ironmaking, development of new and rapid commercialisation of currently developed innovative ironmaking technologies and deployment of carbon capture and storage/utilisation technologies are required to reach sustainability targets. Four scenarios with various combinations of energy efficiency enhancement and different market penetration of breakthrough ironmaking technologies have been developed and analysed. Deployment of the best available technologies is indispensable though not sufficient for cutting CO2 emissions to an extent required by the climate change mitigation targets established by the International Energy Agency. Increased share of secondary steel produced via EAF method using gradually decarbonised electricity also is a prerequisite for substantial cutting of CO2 emissions. Rapid and wide commercialisation of currently developed innovative ironmaking technologies after 2020 allows for reaching emission levels consistent with the targets up to 2030–2040, depending upon the market penetration. However, in the following years even in the most radical modernisation scenario, new impulse is needed to align CO2 emissions with sustainability targets. Hydrogen-based ironmaking, enhanced material efficiency, greater share of secondary steel production and CCS/CCU technologies can play the role of such impulse. Delayed and limited mitigation actions will result in much greater amounts of CO2 emitted to atmosphere with unavoidable impact on climate.


Climate change mitigation Ironmaking Best available technologies Breakthrough technologies Sustainable development scenarios 



This work is partially supported by the European Commission through the EUClim project 564689-EPP-1-2015-1-UAEPPJMO-MODULE funded under Erasmus + Programme (Jean Monnet Modules).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Metallurgical Academy of UkraineDnipropetrovskUkraine

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