Industry 4.0 and SMEs in the Northern Jutland Region

  • Arnim Decker


Being located in the Northern periphery, the economic structure of the Northern part of the Jutland Peninsula in Denmark is characterized by a relatively large proportion of firms operating in diverse industrial sectors. A minor proportion of those are high growth companies with a significant presence on international markets. Local firms operate in a diversity of industrial sectors, which are characterized by medium to high technological intensity. According to the Danish government, Danish firms cannot compete with foreign competitors based on low salaries alone because they will be undercut by international competitors who enjoy a lower cost base. In parallel, since the last financial crisis, Danish firms have struggled with the issue of low productivity, which does not justify the relatively high levels of salary. Because Northern Jutland, being part of Denmark, falls into the category of a knowledge-based society with a good educational infrastructure, Industry 4.0-related opportunities can provide a significant boost to the local economy if tackled in the right way and contribute to market development and international expansion. However, a variety of factors, such as relative distance to important markets and potential industrial partners, can pose a challenge.


Supply Chain Cloud Computing Vertical Integration Shop Floor Business Model Innovation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Abernathy, W. J., & Utterback, J. M. (1978). Patterns of industrial innovation. Technology Review, 64, 254–228.Google Scholar
  2. Gaudeul, A., & Giannetti, C. (2013). The role of reciprocation in social network formation, with an application to life. Journal of Social Networks, 35(3), 317–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Iacobucci, D., & Hoeffler, S. (2016). Leveraging social networks to develop radically new products. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 33(2), 217–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Jazdi, N. (2014). Cyber-physical systems in the context of Industry 4.0. in automation, quality and testing. Robotics 2014 IEEE International Conference: 1–4.Google Scholar
  5. Lasi, H., Fettke, P., Kemper, H.-G., Feld, T., & Hoffmann, M. (2014). Industry 4.0. Business & Information Systems Engineering, 6(4), 239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Schlaepfer, R., Koch, M., & Merkhofer, P. (2015). Industry 4.0 challenges and solutions for the digital transformation and use of exponential technologies. Technical Report, Deloitte.Google Scholar
  7. Wang, S., Wan, J., Li, D., & Zhang, C. (2016, April). Implementing smart factory of Industry 4.0: An outlook. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks. Accessed 12 Apr 2016.

Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and the Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arnim Decker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Business and Management, International Business CentreAalborg UniversityAalborgDenmark

Personalised recommendations