Intelligence Creation and Born-Global Patterns of Small Engineering Firms in Emerging Markets

  • Zizah Che Senik
  • Rosmah Mat Isa
  • Khairul Akmaliah Adham
  • Ridzuan Md Sham


In the process of firm internationalization, intelligence on foreign markets is required. Intelligence can be illustrated as ‘individuals’ abilities to understand complex ideas, to adapt effectively to the world around them, to learn from experience, to engage in various forms of reasoning and to overcome a wide range of obstacles’ (Baron and Shane 2008, p. 80). Regarding the internationalization process of small and medium-sized firms, one study described the internationalization intelligence process as how information and knowledge on international opportunities is identified, gathered, organized, and assessed (Che Senik and Md Sham 2011). Thus, in this chapter, we define internationalization intelligence as relevant cross-border information gathered by firms in support of their internationalization process.


Foreign Market Internationalization Process Entry Mode Business Intelligence Corporate Entrepreneurship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We wish to acknowledgement the Government of Malaysia and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia for their support and grant [Project Code: FRGS/2/2014/SS05/UKM/02/5].


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and the Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zizah Che Senik
    • 1
  • Rosmah Mat Isa
    • 1
  • Khairul Akmaliah Adham
    • 2
  • Ridzuan Md Sham
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and ManagementUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Economics and MuammalatUniversiti Sains Islam MalaysiaNilaiMalaysia
  3. 3.University of Kuala LumpurBangiMalaysia

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