Imaging in Renal Failure, Neonatal Oligoanuria, and Renal Transplantation

  • Maria Beatrice DamasioEmail author
  • Christoph Mache
  • Michael Riccabona
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Many children who suffer from congenital, hereditary, or severe acquired renal disease have a substantially diminished number of functioning nephrons. Loss of nephrons cannot be replaced by new units, and recovery is impossible. Consequently, according to the patient’s age, different diseases enter a common pathway of progressive renal dysfunction called chronic renal failure (CRF). Further deterioration is associated with clinical symptoms and loss of metabolic control. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is reached when survival is possible with only renal replacement therapy. Aside from all medical and psychosocial care during CRF and ESRD, renal transplantation is the ultimate goal to optimize rehabilitation and lifestyle. This chapter is devoted to these children who need lifelong multidisciplinary care and treatment, including pediatric radiology.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Beatrice Damasio
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christoph Mache
    • 2
  • Michael Riccabona
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Division of RadiologyGiannina Gaslini InstituteGenoaItaly
  2. 2.Department of PadiatricsUniversity Hospital LKH GrazGrazAustria
  3. 3.Department of Radiology, Division of Pediatric RadiologyUniversity Hospital LKH GrazGrazAustria

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