Nuclear Medicine

  • Marina EastyEmail author
  • Isky Gordon
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Paediatric renal radionuclide imaging is used for accurate assessment of renal function and the drainage pattern. The increase in functional MRI has overtaken radionuclide functional assessment in only a small number of establishments due to the requirement for patient cooperation, reasonably long scanning times and the possible need for general anaesthetic in order to undertake the MRI study. The availability of MRI scanning time also plays a significant contribution. Static and Dynamic renal scintigraphy with indirect radionuclide studies and the judicious use of Single photon emission tomography and Positron emission tomography in genito-urinary malignancies make up the majority of paediatric nephrourological scintigraphic imaging.



Computerised Tomography


Direct isotope cystogram


Di-mercapto-succinic acid


European Association of Nuclear Medicine


Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography Computerised Tomography


Indirect radionuclide cystogram






Magnetic resonance imaging




Normalised residual activity


Pelvic excretion efficiency




Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder


Renal differential function


Renal output efficiency


Region of interest


Single-photon emission Computerised Tomography


Time-activity curve




Urinary tract infection


Voiding cystourethrogram


Vesicoureteric reflux


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic ImagingGreat Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation TrustLondonUK

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