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Inflammation and Cancer: The Role of Lipid Signaling in the Continuum Between Two Ends of the Tumor Spectrum

  • Megan L. Sulciner
  • Molly M. Gilligan
  • Bruce R. Zetter
  • Dipak Panigrahy
Chapter

Abstract

Inflammation and cancer have a long and contentious history. Currently, there are two lenses through which the role of inflammation in cancer can be viewed. Substantial evidence suggests that inflammation can not only propagate, but even initiate cancer pathogenesis. However, emerging studies indicate that inflammation may alternatively enhance host containment and destruction of tumorigenic cells. Herein, we explore how our understanding of inflammation in cancer has evolved, from the first identification of excessive inflammation in tumors two millennia ago to the complex association between inflammation and cancer pathogenesis with the recent emergence of immune-harnessing cancer therapies. We discuss the dynamic roles of various immune cells, cytokines, and specific lipid autacoid signaling in cancer, focusing on fatty acid-derived lipid mediators such as prostaglandin E2. We contrast the pro-tumorigenic and anti-tumorigenic functions of immune cells and lipid mediators, while highlighting how their functions can be dramatically altered by the tumor microenvironment.

Keywords

Inflammation Cancer Tumor Lipids Cytokines Immune cells Macrophages Natural killer cells T cells (T lymphocytes) B cells (B lymphocytes) Dendritic cells Inflammatory score Prostaglandin E2 Annexin A1 C-reactive protein (CRP) 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Megan L. Sulciner
    • 1
    • 2
  • Molly M. Gilligan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bruce R. Zetter
    • 3
  • Dipak Panigrahy
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Vascular Biology Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pathology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Vascular Biology ProgramBoston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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