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The Economics of Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change

  • Terry BarkerEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Ecological Economics book series (SEEC, volume 6)

Abstract

The problem of avoiding dangerous climate change requires analysis from many disciplines. Mainstream economic thinking about the problem has shifted after the Stern Review from a single-discipline focus on cost-benefit analysis to a more inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary risk analysis, already evident in the IPCC’s Assessment Reports. This shift is more evidence of the failure of the traditional, equilibrium approach in general to provide an adequate understanding of observed behaviour, either at the micro or macro scale. The economics of the Stern Review has been accepted by governments and the public as mainstream economic thinking on climate change, when in some critical respects it represents a radical departure from the traditional treatment. The conclusions regarding economic policy for climate change have shifted from “do little, later” to “take strong action urgently, before it is too late”. This chapter sets out four issues of critical importance to the new conclusions about avoiding dangerous climate change, each of which have been either ignored by the traditional literature or treated in a misleading way that discounts the insights from other disciplines: the complexity of the global energy-economy system (including the poverty and sustainability aspects of development), the ethics of intergenerational equity, the understanding from engineering and history about path dependence and induced technological change, and finally the politics of climate policy.

Keywords

Climate change IPCC Cost-benefit analysis Multi-criteria analysis Macroeconomics Uncertainty 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Frank Ackerman, Eric Beinhocker, John Broome, Simon Dietz, Klaus Hasselmann, Richard Lewney, John McCombie, John Quiggin, Serban Scrieciu, David Taylor and Rachel Warren for providing helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper. I also acknowledge the support of the UK Research Councils in funding my work as part of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Land EconomyUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  2. 2.School of Environmental SciencesUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK

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