A 3-D Evaluation of the MACC Reanalysis Dust Product Over Europe Using CALIOP/CALIPSO Satellite Observations
This work focuses on the evaluation of the MACC (Monitoring atmospheric composition and climate) reanalysis dust product over Europe. Europe receives significant amounts of dust on an annual basis primarily from the large neighboring area sources (Sahara Desert, Arabian Peninsula) and from smaller local sources. Dust affects a number of processes in the atmosphere modulating weather and climate and exerts an impact on human health and the economy. Hence, the ability of simulating adequately the amount of dust and its optical properties is essential. For the evaluation of the MACC reanalysis, pure dust satellite-based retrievals from CALIOP/CALIPSO are utilized for the period 2007–2012. Specifically, the CALIOP/CALIPSO data used here come from an optimized retrieval scheme that was originally developed within the framework of the LIVAS (Lidar Climatology of Vertical Aerosol Structure for Space-Based LIDAR Simulation Studies) project. The natural aerosol extinction coefficients from MACC and the dust optical depth patterns at 550 nm are validated against dust extinction coefficients and dust optical depth patterns at 532 nm from CALIOP/CALIPSO. Our results highlight the important role that space-based lidars may play in the improvement of the MACC aerosol product.
This research has been financed under the FP7 Programme MarcoPolo (Grand Number 606953, Theme SPA.2013.3.2-01). LIVAS has been financed under the ESA-ESTEC project LIVAS (contract N°4000104106/11/NL/FF/fk). CALIPSO data were provided by NASA. We thank the ICARE Data and Services Center for providing access to data.
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