Serial Femtosecond Crystallography of Membrane Proteins

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 922)

Abstract

Membrane proteins, including G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), constitute the most important drug targets. The increasing number of targets requires new structural information, which has proven tremendously challenging due to the difficulties in growing diffraction-quality crystals. Recent developments of serial femtosecond crystallography at X-ray free electron lasers combined with the use of membrane-mimetic gel-like matrix of lipidic cubic phase (LCP-SFX) for crystal growth and delivery hold significant promise to accelerate structural studies of membrane proteins. This chapter describes the development and current status of the LCP-SFX technology and elaborates its future role in structural biology of membrane proteins.

Keywords

Serial femtosecond crystallography X-ray free electron laser Lipidic cubic phase LCP-SFX LCP injector Membrane proteins G protein-coupled receptors 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lan Zhu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Uwe Weierstall
    • 2
    • 3
  • Vadim Cherezov
    • 4
    • 5
  • Wei Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Molecular SciencesArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  2. 2.Center for Applied Structural Discovery at the Biodesign InstituteArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  4. 4.Bridge InstituteUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  5. 5.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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