A Review of the Kenyan Cooperative Movement
- 427 Downloads
The Kenyan cooperative sector has undergone tremendous changes over the years. In the colonial era, the sector moved from being an exclusive white-owned state-dependent organisations to the introduction of black-owned cooperatives to raise a middle class to counter popular uprising. In the post-colonial era, the sector has moved from being state-dependent to an independent era where it now operates as a successful business entity. This chapter provides a historical overview of the Kenyan cooperative sector with the goal of establishing key success/failure indicators thereof. The aim is to identify critical lessons that can be applied in other contexts.
KeywordsCooperatives Kenyan cooperative Poverty Unemployment Self-help
- Argwings-Kodhek, G. (2004). Feast and famine: Financial services for rural Kenya. Tegemeo Institute of Agricultural Policy and Development: Egerton University.Google Scholar
- Birchall, J. (1997). The international co-operative movement. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
- Develtere, P., & Pollet, I. (2008). Renaissance of African co-operative in the 21st century: Lessons from the field. In P. Develtere, I. Pollet & F. Wanyama (Eds.), Cooperating out of poverty: The renaissance of the African cooperative movement. Geneva: International Labour Organisation (ILO).Google Scholar
- Gamba, P., & Komo, I. (2004). Evolution, growth and decline of the co-operative sector. In A paper prepared for the centre for governance & development (CGD).Google Scholar
- Gatheru, W., & Shaw, R. (Eds.). (1998). Our problems, our solutions: An economic and public policy agenda for Kenya. Nairobi: Institute of Economic Affairs.Google Scholar
- Gyllström, B. (1991). State administered rural change: Agriculturual cooperatives in rural Kenya. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Hyden, G. (1973). Efficiency versus distribution in East African co-operatives. Nairobi: East African Literature Bureau.Google Scholar
- Kenya Co-operative Coffee Exporters Limited (2014). Brief introduction to KCCE. Retrieved June 13, 2015, from, http://www.kencaffee.coop/.
- Muthuma, W. (2011). Economic cooperation in Kenyan credit cooperatives: Exploring the rile of social capital and institutions. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis submitted to the Faculty of Commerce, Law & Management at the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.Google Scholar
- Nyagah, W. N. (2012). Co-operatives as potential channel for enhancing financial inclusion. In Paper presented at the enhancing financial innovation and access, Abuja, Nigeria.Google Scholar
- Pivot (n.d.) (2009). Driving growth in KwaZulu-Natal, KwaZulu-Natal official publication of the ministry of economic development and tourism. Pietermaritzburg: KZN-Ministry of Economic Development and Tourism.Google Scholar
- Satgar, V., & Williams, M. (2008). The Heiveld cooperative. In The passion of the people: Successful cooperative experiences from Africa: COPAC research report. Retrieved May June 10, 2013 from, www.copac.org.za.
- The Co-operative University College of Kenya (2014). About us. Accessed December 31, 2014, from http://cuck.ac.ke/?page_id=5086.
- Wanyama, F., Develtere, P., & Pollet, I. (2009). Reinventing the wheel? African cooperatives in a liberalized economic environment. Coop AFRICA Working Paper No.1. International Labour Office. Cooperative Programme (EMP/COOP). Geneva, Switzerland.Google Scholar