From Algae to Liquid Fuels

  • Basanta Kumara Behera
  • Ajit Varma


Depletion of natural oil and diesel resources has created an enormous challenge in substituting suitable and economic fuels to meet the demand of locomotive engine and communication systems. This study reviewed the technologies underpinning microalgae-to-biofuel systems, focusing on the biomass production, harvesting, conversion technologies, and the extraction of useful coproducts. The microalgal species mostly used for biodiesel production are presented and their main advantages described in comparison with other available biodiesel feedstocks. The various aspects associated with the design of microalgae production units are described, giving an overview of the current state of development of algae cultivation systems (photobioreactors (PBRs) and open ponds). It also reviewed the synergistic coupling of microalgae propagation with carbon sequestration and wastewater treatment potential for mitigation of environmental impacts associated with energy conversion and utilization. Algal biodiesel can be used by blending with petrodiesel, but it can also be used in pure form. It is a sustainable fuel, as it is available throughout the year and can run any engine. It will satisfy the needs of the future generation to come. The most interesting part of this chapter is about direct production of ethanol from microalgae without any biomass extraction process. This has been nicely explained with well-illustrated figures and photographs to impress readers and make them realize the effective use of microalgae with the use of new technologies being developed by researchers from the field of industrial biotechnology.


Supply Chain Algal Biomass Microalgal Biomass Defense Advance Research Project Agency Petroleum Diesel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Basanta Kumara Behera
    • 1
  • Ajit Varma
    • 1
  1. 1.Amity Institute of Microbial TechnologyAmity University Uttar PradeshNoidaIndia

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