Contested Land in Loliondo: The Eastern Border of the Serengeti National Park Between Conservation, Hunting Tourism, and Pastoralism

  • Lara Esther BartelsEmail author
Part of the Human-Environment Interactions book series (HUEN, volume 6)


This case study analyzes a land conflict in Loliondo, an area adjacent to the eastern border of the Serengeti National Park in northern Tanzania. The pastoralists of the area and a Dubai-based hunting company are competing over a strip of land of ~135,000 ha alongside the Serengeti. At the same time, the Tanzanian government claims the land in order to conserve the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem. The government intends to allocate the strip of land solely for nature conservation and hunting by excluding pastoralism. This chapter argues that the competition between the pastoralists and the hunting company is one over land-based ecosystem services. The intention of the government to allocate the contested strip of land to nature conservation and hunting only has fostered the competition, which has evolved into a conflict. It is shown that pastoralists are able to derive specific provisioning ecosystem services from the contested land also during the dry season. This makes the area most valuable for the food security of the pastoralists of the area, which will be destabilized by the current policies of the government.


Tanzania Competition Ecosystem services Food security Governance 



The author is grateful in particular to Paul Ole Saing’ue and Geofrey Mwanjela for their invaluable contribution to the fieldwork on which the chapter is based. Helmut Haberl and Daniel Müller contributed constructive comments on earlier versions of this chapter. This research has been partly funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) under the (project funding) reference number 01 LN 1316 A.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Governance and Sustainability LabUniversität TrierTrierGermany
  2. 2.Integrative Research Institute on Transformations of Human-Environment Systems (IRI THESys)Humboldt-Universität Zu BerlinBerlinGermany

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