Advertisement

Simulation-Based Forecasts of Crowd Flows at Major Events Using Real-Time Measurements

Conference paper
  • 1k Downloads

Abstract

The complexity and dynamic nature of large events arise the need for decision makers to assess the current situation and to derive multi-temporal forecasts in order to identify critical situations in a timely manner and to initiate appropriate countermeasures. In this work, we present a fast mesoscopic simulation model which incorporates measurements from counting and Bluetooth sensors, thus providing real-time forecasts of crowd flows at major events. With this approach already a sparse placement of sensors at strategic points on an event area is sufficient to achieve the necessary spatial and temporal resolution for a complete characterization of the current crowd flows. For model verification and validation, we investigated case studies from two music festivals in Austria in 2012 and 2013 where extensive measurements on human motion data were obtained to evaluate the deviations of the simulation results from the measured walking times.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The results presented in this paper are part of the research projects EN MASSE and MONITOR, funded by the Austrian security research program KIRAS of the Austrian Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology (bmvit).

References

  1. 1.
    Holl, S., Schadschneider, A., Seyfried, A.: Hermes: An Evacuation Assistant for Large Arenas. Springer (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Klüpfel, H.: A cellular automaton model for crowd movement and egress simulation. Ph.D. thesis, Universitt Duisburg-Essen (2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Blids\(^{\textregistered }\) network.: http://www.blids.cc
  4. 4.
    Dijkstra, E.: A note on two problems in connexion with graphs. Numerische Mathematik 1(1), 269–271 (1959)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Helbing, D., Johansson, A., Al-Abideen, H.: Dynamics of crowd disasters: an empirical study. Phys. Rev. E 75 (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Personenzählsystem LD-PeCo.: http://www.sick.com
  7. 7.
    Weidmann, U.: Transporttechnik der Fussgänger—Transporttechnische Eigenschaften des Fussgängerverkehrs (Literaturstudie). Literature Research 90, Institut für Verkehrsplanung, Transporttechnik, Strassen- und Eisenbahnbau IVT an der ETH Zürich, ETH-Hönggerberg, CH-8093 Zürich (1993). In GermanGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mobility DepartmentAIT Austrian Institute of TechnologyViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations