Cinematic Examples



Shamir articulates his unique method through an analysis of particular films to be included in the realm of cinematic philosophy, concentrating on the following: Blow-Up (Michelangelo Antonioni, 1966); Blade Runner (Ridley Scott, 2007); Shakespeare in Love (John Madden, 1998); F for Fake (Orson Welles, 1973); The Draughtsman’s Contract (Peter Greenaway, 1982); Sherlock Holmes (Guy Ritchie, 2009); The Conformist (Bernardo Bertolucci, 1970); The Life of David Gale (Alan Parker, 2003); Predestination (Michael and Peter Spierig, 2014); The Clock (Christian Marclay, 2011); X-Men: Days of Future Past (Bryan Singer, 2014); Shutter Island (Martin Scorsese, 2010); and JFK (Oliver Stone, 1991). Shamir also includes two of his own short films: Desert of the Real (Tal S. Shamir, 2010) and The Vermeers (Tal S. Shamir, 2011).


Philosophical Idea Fictional Story Blade Runner Audience Experience Specific Film 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Books and Articles

  1. Appleby, J., Mitchell, P., Robinson, C., Brough, A., Rutty, G., Harris, R., et al. (2014). The scoliosis of Richard III, last Plantagenet King of England: Diagnosis and clinical significance. Lancet, 383, 1944. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60762-5, retrieved from Google Scholar
  2. Baudrillard, J. (1994). Simulacra and simulation (trans: Glaser, S.F.). Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  3. Baudrillard, J. (2006). The precession of simulacra. In M. G. Durham & D. M. Kellner (Eds.), Media and cultural studies: Key works (Rev. ed., pp. 453–481). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  4. Deleuze, Gilles & Guattari Felix. (1994). What is Philosophy. (Translated by Hugh Tomlison & Graham Burchell). New York, NY: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Feyerabend, P.K., (1962). Explanation, reduction, and empiricism. In H. Feigl & G. Maxwell (eds.), Scientific explanation, space, and time (Vol. III). Minneapolis: Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science.Google Scholar
  6. Friedman, M. (1974). Explanation and scientific understanding. In The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 71: pp. 5–19.Google Scholar
  7. Goodman, N. (1983). The new riddle of induction. In Fact, fiction, and forecast. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Heinlein, R.A. (1959, March). All you zombies. In the Fantasy and Science Fiction. United States: Mercury Publications.Google Scholar
  9. Hempel, G. C., & Oppenheim, P. (1948/2000). Studies in the logic of explanation. In L. Sklar (Ed.), The philosophy of science: A collection of essays. Vol. I: Explanation, Law and Cause. (pp. 1–42). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Hume, D. (1740/1978). A treatise of human nature. In L.A. Selby-Bigge (ed.) (2nd ed. Rev. P.H. Nidditch). Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  11. Hume, D. (1748/1975). Enquiry Concerning human understanding, in Enquiries concerning human understanding and concerning the principles of morals. L.A. Selby-Bigge (ed.), (3rd ed. Rev. P.H. Nidditch). Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  12. Lewis, D. (1986). Causal explanation. In Philosophical Papers: Volume II. (pp. 214–240). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Russell, Bertrand. (1912/1997). The Problems of Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Schirmacher, W. (1994). Homo generator: Media and postmodern technology.New York: European Graduate School Website. Retrieved from
  15. Schirmacher, W. (1999). Art(ificial) perception: Nietzsche and culture after nihilism. European Graduate School Website. Retrieved from
  16. Schirmacher, W. (2005). Homo generator in the postmodern discussion. From a conversation with Jean-François Lyotard. In Stephen K. Levine (ed.), Poiesis: A Journal of the Arts & Communication, 7, 86–99. Toronto: EGS Press. Retrieved from
  17. Schirmacher, W. (2011). Artificial life, [Video Recording]. Presented at the Media Aesthetics seminar by Wolfgang Schirmacher at The European Graduate School in August 2011. (Available from European Graduate School, Media and Communication Division, Alter Kehr 20, CH-3953 Leuk-Stadt, Switzerland).Google Scholar
  18. Unger, H. (1991). Film and philosophy. Israel, Tel-Aviv: Dvir Publishing House [Hebrew].Google Scholar

Films & Artworks

  1. Antonioni, M. (1966). Blow up. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  2. Arntz, W, Chasse, B & Vicente, M. (2006). What the bleep!?: Down the rabbit hole. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  3. Bernays, P. (2013). How Sherlock changed the world. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  4. Bertolucci, B. (1970). The conformist. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  5. Croce, J. (1972). Time in a bottle. From the album: You dont mess around with Jim. [Song].Google Scholar
  6. De Botton, A. (2000). Philosophy: A guide to happiness [TV mini-series]. Retrieved from:
  7. Demme, J. (1991). The silence of the lambs. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  8. Dick, K. & Ziering, A. (2002). Derrida. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  9. Fiennes, S. (2006). The perverts guide to cinema. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  10. Fiennes, S. (2013). The pervert’s guide to ideology. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  11. Greenaway, P. (1982). The Draughtsman's contract. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  12. Madden, J. (1998). Shakespeare in love. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  13. Marclay, C. (2011). The Clock. [Video Installation].Google Scholar
  14. Oreck, J. (2004). Return to the source-philosophy and the matrix. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  15. Parker, A. (2003). The life of David Gale. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  16. Ramis, H. (1993). Groundhog day. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  17. Ramsey, M. (2008). The cave: An adaptation of Platos allegory in Clay. [Motion Picture]. Retrieved from:
  18. Ritchie, G. (2009). Sherlock Holmes. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  19. Scorsese, M. (2010). Shutter island. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  20. Scott, R. [1982] (2007). Blade runner (Originally released on 1982, the film has a few different versions that came out in later years with additions that significantly affect the film, I will refer to what is know as ‘The Finial Cut’ released in 2007 by Warner Brothers.). [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  21. Shamir, S. T. (2010). Desert of the real. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  22. Shamir, S.T. (2011). The Vermeers . [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  23. Singer, B. (2014). X-men: Days of future past. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  24. Spierig Michael & Peter. (2014). Predestination. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  25. Stone, O. (1991). JFK. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  26. Taylor, A. (2008). Examined life. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  27. The Wachowskis. (1999). The Matrix. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  28. Welles, O. (1973). F for fake. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  29. Wiene, R. (1920). The cabinet of Dr. Caligari. [Motion Picture].Google Scholar
  30. Zick, J. (1785). Allegory of Newtons service to optics. [Painting].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations