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An Approach for Detecting Traffic Events Using Social Media

  • Carlos Gutiérrez
  • Paulo Figueiras
  • Pedro Oliveira
  • Ruben Costa
  • Ricardo Jardim-Goncalves
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 647)

Abstract

Nowadays almost everyone has access to mobile devices that offer better processing capabilities and access to new information and services, the Web is undoubtedly the best tool for sharing content, especially through social networks. Web content enhanced by mobile capabilities, enable the gathering and aggregation of information that can be useful for our everyday lives as, for example, in urban mobility where personalized real-time traffic information, can heavily influence users’ travel habits, thus contributing for a better way of living. Current navigation systems fall short in several ways in order to satisfy the need to process and reason upon such volumes of data, namely, to accurately provide information about urban traffic in real-time and the possibility to personalize the information presented to users. The work presented here describes an approach to integrate, fuse and process tweet messages from traffic agencies, with the objective of detecting the geographical span of traffic events, such as accidents or road works. Tweet messages are considered in this work given their uniqueness, their real time nature, which may be used to quickly detect a traffic event, and their simplicity. We also address some imprecisions ranging from lack of geographical information, imprecise and ambiguous toponyms, overlaps and repetitions as well as visualization to our data set in the UK, and a qualitative study on the use of the approach using tweets in other languages, such as Greek. Finally, we present an application scenario, where traffic information is processed from tweets massages, triggering personalized notifications to users through Google Cloud Messaging on Android smartphones. The work presented here is still part of on-going work. Results achieved so far do not address the final conclusions but form the basis for the formalization of a domain knowledge along with the urban mobility services.

Keywords

Machine learning Geo-parsing Information retrieval Social networks Classification Traffic events 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Gutiérrez
    • 1
  • Paulo Figueiras
    • 1
  • Pedro Oliveira
    • 1
  • Ruben Costa
    • 1
  • Ricardo Jardim-Goncalves
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of Technology and Systems, Faculdade de Ciências e TecnologiaUniversidade Nova de Lisboa, UNINOVALisboaPortugal

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