Nontraumatic Neurological Conditions

Chapter

Abstract

Various neurological impairments other than traumatic brain injury (TBI) are routinely encountered in critically ill populations. The more common diseases seen in a non-neurological ICU include acute ischemic stroke, cerebral infections, cerebral vein thrombosis, status epilepticus, anoxic brain injury, brain tumors, primary intracerebral hemorrhage, and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. These conditions are potentially devastating and life threatening. However, most of these conditions may be successfully managed using fundamental critical care techniques in combination with expert neurologist consultation. With an awareness of the basic nuances of specific neurological diseases, proper collaborative care can be delivered to these patients in a timely fashion.

Keywords

Ischemic stroke Intracerebral hemorrhage Anoxic brain injury Central nervous system infections Stroke Aneurysm Anoxia 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryHospital of the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryPenn Presbyterian Medical CenterPhiladelphiaUSA

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