Critical Infrastructure Assessment by Emergency Management

  • Marieke H. A. Klaver
  • H. A. M. Luiijf
  • Albert N. Nieuwenhuijs
  • Nico van Os
  • Vincent Oskam
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9578)


Large scale emergencies such as a large scale flooding or a devastating storm can severely impact Critical Infrastructures (CI). Since a subsequent disruption or even destruction of CI may increase the severity of an emergency, it is important for emergency management organizations to include an impact assessment of CI in their risk management, emergency planning, and emergency preparation.

This paper describes a methodology for emergency management organizations to assess the impact of CI disruptions. The methodology takes into account common cause failures affecting multiple CI concurrently, cascading effects as well as the potential disruptive impact on emergency management operations. The methodology builds on earlier CI assessment approaches at the national level and has been tested in a case study.


Critical infrastructure Emergency management Risk management Preparation Common cause failure Cascading Resilience 



The EU project PREDICT has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no. 607697. This article reflects only the authors’ views. The EU is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marieke H. A. Klaver
    • 1
  • H. A. M. Luiijf
    • 1
  • Albert N. Nieuwenhuijs
    • 1
  • Nico van Os
    • 2
  • Vincent Oskam
    • 3
  1. 1.Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research TNODen HaagThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Veiligheidsregio Zuid-Holland ZuidDordrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Veiligheidsregio Rotterdam-RijnmondRotterdamThe Netherlands

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