How to Use Learning Preferences to Optimize Teaching Effectiveness

  • Paul R. SuttonEmail author
  • Heather A. McPhillips


Learners differ in their preferences and aptitudes for acquiring, consolidating, and integrating new information. Similarly, teachers have a variety of preferences, strategies, and strengths for teaching. While it is conceptually attractive to imagine that simply matching “learning styles” and “teaching styles” will lead to better educational outcomes, this conclusion is not supported by the available research. Rather, understanding learning and teaching styles allows the clinical teacher to improve educational outcomes by (a) presenting information in a variety of styles and (b) troubleshoot challenging teacher-student interactions.


Learning preferences Learning inventory Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Teaching preferences Extrovert Introvert 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of MedicineUniversity of Washington School of MedicineSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Washington School of MedicineSeattleUSA

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