How to Teach Beginning Students in the Clinical Setting

  • Molly Blackley JacksonEmail author


Early clinical experiences are increasingly emphasized in medical school curricula. These experiences help students develop clinical skills, professional identity, and comfort in the clinical environment. To effectively teach beginning medical students, supervising physicians can maximize the effectiveness of shadowing experiences, teach digestible clinical pearls, engage patients and other members of the healthcare team as teachers, and arrange time for student-driven inquiry, investigation, and reflection.


Early clinical exposure Beginning medical students Medical education Clinical skills development Professionalism Shadowing 


  1. 1.
    Dornan T, Bundy C. What can experience add to early medical education? Consensus survey. BMJ. 2004;329:834–7.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Littlewood S, Ypinazar V, Margolis SA, Scherpbier A, Spencer J, Dornan T. Early practical experience and the social responsiveness of clinical education: systematic review. BMJ. 2005;331(7513):387–91.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kossoff EH, Hubbard TW, Gowen Jr CW. Early clinical experience enhances third-year pediatrics clerkship performance. Acad Med. 1999;74(11):1238–41.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ogur B, Hirsh D, Krupat E, Bor D. The Harvard Medical School-Cambridge integrated clerkship: an innovative model of clinical education. Acad Med. 2007;82(4):397–404.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Goldie J, Dowie A, Cotton P, Morrison J. Teaching professionalism in the early years of a medical curriculum: a qualitative study. Med Educ. 2007;41:610–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Byyny R. Medical professionalism: best practices. Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society; 2015. p. xi–xix.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    ABIM Foundation, American Board of Internal Medicine, ACP-ASIM Foundation, American Colleges of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine, European Federation of Internal Medicine. Medical professionalism in the new millennium: a physician charter. Ann Intern Med. 2002;136:243–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of MedicineUniversity of Washington School of MedicineSeattleUSA

Personalised recommendations